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Table 1 Individuals characteristics of the participants of the according to categories of the CFC

From: Association between time perspective and organic food consumption in a large sample of adults

  All Quartiles of Consideration of Future Consequences P a
  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4  
   <  36 36–40 41–46 > 46  
n 27,634 6670 7107 6964 6893  
% 100 24.1 25.7 25.2 24.9  
CFC-12 (12–60) 40.5 ± 7.1 31.3 ± 3.7 38.0 ± 1.4 43.0 ± 1.4 49.4 ± 3.0  
Total organic food intake (g/d) 760.3 ± 799.7 625.8 ± 738.5 717.3 ± 779.5 775.0 ± 789.4 920.1 ± 857.4 < .0001
Age (years)b 53.2 ± 14.1 55.9 ± 13.2 54.6 ± 13.8 51.6 ± 14.2 50.5 ± 14.5 < .0001
Gender (%) < .0001
 Women 74.4 76.0 74.9 74.0 72.7
 Men 25.6 24.0 25.1 26.0 27.3
Education level (%) < .0001
 Primary 2.8 5.5 3.2 1.7 1.0
 Secondary 32.9 46.6 38.2 27.2 20.1
 Undergraduate 29.6 27.1 30.7 31.5 29.1
 Postgraduate 34.6 20.8 27.8 39.7 49.8
Occupational status (%) < .0001
 Unemployed 8.8 9.9 8.6 8.1 8.6
 Student 1.2 0.6 0.9 1.3 2.0
 Self-employed, farmer 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7 2.2
 Employee, manual worker 14.2 17.2 14.8 13.8 11.2
 Intermediate professions 13.8 11.2 13.7 15.9 14.1
 Managerial staff, intellectual profession 21.0 12.5 16.9 24.8 29.4
 Retired 39.3 47.0 43.5 34.5 32.4
Monthly income (%)c < .0001
 <  1200€ 10.1 12.2 10.1 8.8 9.3
 1200–1799€ 20.9 23.0 21.3 20.6 18.7
 1800–2299€ 15.3 16.2 16.3 14.8 13.9
 2300–2699€ 10.3 10.1 10.3 10.6 10.2
 2700–3699€ 17.7 14.3 17.1 18.6 20.9
 > 3700€ 13.2 9.1 11.4 14.8 17.2
 Unwilling to answer 12.3 14.9 13.4 11.5 9.5
 Missing data 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Place of residence (%) < .0001
 Rural community 22.0 22.7 22.5 21.3 21.5
 Urban unit with a population <  20,000 inhabitants 15.5 16.8 16.0 14.6 14.4
 Urban unit with a population between 20,000 and 200,000 inhabitants 18.0 18.7 18.4 18.0 17.0
 Urban unit with a population > 200,000 inhabitants 44.5 41.8 43.1 46.0 47.1
BMI (kg/m2)b 24.2 ± 4.5 25.0 ± 5.0 24.4 ± 4.6 24.0 ± 4.4 23.3 ± 4.0 < .0001
Energy intake (kcal/d)b 1994 ± 629 2017 ± 646 1982 ± 632 1975 ± 615 2002 ± 620 .32
mPNNS-GSb 8.5 ± 1.8 8.4 ± 1.8 8.5 ± 1.8 8.5 ± 1.7 8.6 ± 1.7 < .0001
  1. mPNNS-GS, modified Programme National Nutrition Santé Guideline Score
  2. ap-value based on linear trend for continuous variables or Mantel-Haenszel chi-square test for categorical variables (corrected for multiple testing with a Hochberg procedure)
  3. bMean ± SD
  4. cMonthly income represents the household income per month calculated by consumption unit (CU). The number of people of the household was converted into a number of CU according to a weighting system: one CU is attributed for the first adult in the household, 0.5 for other persons aged 14 or older and 0.3 for children under 14 [27]