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Table 5 Subject characteristics adjusted for age, medication status, smoking status, drinking, and steps count, according to quartiles of the three food intake pattern scores

From: Food intake patterns and cardiovascular risk factors in Japanese adults: analyses from the 2012 National Health and nutrition survey, Japan

  Traditional Japanese Westernized Meat and fat
  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4   Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4   Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4  
  Mean S.E. Mean S.E. Mean S.E. Mean S.E. p for trend Mean S.E. Mean S.E. Mean S.E. Mean S.E. p for trend Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. p for trend
Men (N) 895 1061 1228 1509   1698 1127 909 959   947 1015 1185 1539  
Waist circumference (cm) 85.8 0.3 85.3 0.3 85.6 0.2 86.4 0.2 0.008 86.0 0.2 85.5 0.3 85.9 0.3 85.9 0.3 0.516 85.2 0.3 85.9 0.3 85.6 0.2 86.4 0.2 0.016
BMI (kg/m2) 23.7 0.1 23.5 0.1 23.7 0.1 24.0 0.1 0.001 23.9 0.1 23.7 0.1 23.7 0.1 23.7 0.1 0.333 23.6 0.1 23.7 0.1 23.7 0.1 23.9 0.1 0.081
Systolic blood pressure 136.1 0.5 134.7 0.5 135.6 0.5 134.8 0.4 0.182 136.3 0.4 135.0 0.5 133.9 0.5 134.9 0.5 0.003 133.8 0.5 135.1 0.5 135.4 0.5 136.1 0.4 0.013
Diastolic blood pressure 82.7 0.4 82.1 0.3 81.9 0.3 81.5 0.3 0.128 82.2 0.3 81.8 0.3 81.5 0.4 82.2 0.4 0.338 81.0 0.4 81.5 0.3 82.1 0.3 82.7 0.3 0.003
Serum total cholesterol 195.1 1.1 197.2 1.0 194.7 1.0 195.4 0.9 0.305 194.1 0.8 195.2 1.0 196.4 1.1 197.8 1.1 0.047 189.5 1.1 194.8 1.0 195.9 1.0 199.6 0.9 <0.001
Serum HDLcholesterol 54.3 0.5 55.1 0.4 54.8 0.4 54.7 0.4 0.691 54.3 0.3 55.0 0.4 54.6 0.5 55.5 0.5 0.170 54.5 0.5 54.1 0.4 54.8 0.4 55.4 0.4 0.199
Serum LDL cholesterol 115.9 1.0 115.9 0.9 114.0 0.9 113.8 0.8 0.191 113.0 0.7 114.5 0.9 115.6 1.0 117.1 1.0 0.006 110.0 1.0 115.1 0.9 114.7 0.9 117.4 0.8 <0.001
HbA1C 5.78 0.02 5.77 0.02 5.79 0.02 5.78 0.02 0.902 5.81 0.02 5.77 0.02 5.75 0.02 5.77 0.02 0.158 5.74 0.02 5.79 0.02 5.77 0.02 5.80 0.02 0.125
Women (N) 1589 1716 1748 1628   999 1715 1932 2033   2116 1923 1595 1045  
Waist circumference (cm) 82.0 0.2 81.3 0.2 81.4 0.2 81.7 0.2 0.170 81.9 0.3 81.8 0.2 81.7 0.2 81.1 0.2 0.039 80.7 0.2 81.7 0.2 82.1 0.2 82.4 0.3 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 22.7 0.1 22.5 0.1 22.5 0.1 22.7 0.1 0.138 23.0 0.1 22.7 0.1 22.6 0.1 22.4 0.1 <0.001 22.4 0.1 22.6 0.1 22.8 0.1 22.9 0.1 <0.001
Systolic blood pressure 128.1 0.4 128.4 0.4 128.7 0.4 129.1 0.4 0.321 130.3 0.5 128.9 0.4 127.8 0.4 128.1 0.4 0.001 127.9 0.4 128.6 0.4 128.6 0.4 129.6 0.5 0.062
Diastolic blood pressure 76.5 0.3 77.2 0.3 77.6 0.2 77.3 0.3 0.019 77.5 0.3 77.1 0.3 76.8 0.2 77.4 0.2 0.229 76.9 0.2 77.2 0.2 77.1 0.3 77.9 0.3 0.115
Serum total cholesterol 204.1 0.9 204.4 0.8 205.8 0.8 203.7 0.8 0.287 199.3 1.0 201.4 0.8 205.6 0.7 208.7 0.7 <0.001 202.1 0.7 206.1 0.8 205.3 0.8 205.3 1.0 0.001
Serum HDLcholesterol 63.5 0.4 63.8 0.4 64.3 0.4 63.5 0.4 0.338 62.0 0.5 62.3 0.4 64.3 0.3 65.4 0.3 <0.001 63.3 0.3 63.5 0.3 64.0 0.4 64.8 0.5 0.070
Serum LDL cholesterol 118.8 0.8 118.7 0.7 118.7 0.7 117.5 0.7 0.531 114.5 0.9 116.6 0.7 119.4 0.7 121.0 0.7 <0.001 116.8 0.7 119.7 0.7 119.1 0.7 118.3 0.9 0.013
HbA1C 5.68 0.01 5.70 0.01 5.69 0.01 5.72 0.01 0.173 5.73 0.02 5.69 0.01 5.69 0.01 5.69 0.01 0.295 5.68 0.01 5.70 0.01 5.70 0.01 5.73 0.02 0.063
  1. The general linear model adjusted for participant age, steps count, medication status (hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia), smoking and drinking status was applied
  2. Significant P values <0.05 were shown in bold characters