Skip to main content

Table 3 Subject charcterisics by gender, according to quartiles of the three food intake pattern scores

From: Food intake patterns and cardiovascular risk factors in Japanese adults: analyses from the 2012 National Health and nutrition survey, Japan

  Traditional Japanese Westernized Meat and fat
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4   Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4   Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. p for trend Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. p for trend Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. Mean S.D. p for trend
Men (N) 894   1059   1224   1509    1696   1125   908   957    947   1015   1185   1539   
 Age at survey (yrs) 50.0 16.4 55.9 15.9 60.3 14.9 63.3 13.4 <0.001 56.4 15.9 57.7 16.1 59.8 15.7 60.9 14.6 <0.001 66.7 13.6 61.1 15.0 57.3 15.1 52.1 15.2 <0.001
 Height (cm) 167.5 6.5 166.7 7.0 166.0 6.7 165.3 6.8 <0.001 166.3 7.1 166.2 6.8 166.1 6.7 166.1 6.3 0.900 163.7 6.7 165.6 6.8 166.6 6.7 167.9 6.5 <0.001
 Body weight (kg) 66.8 11.5 65.5 10.5 65.2 10.4 65.7 10.1 0.006 66.1 11.1 65.5 10.5 65.5 9.8 65.6 10.3 0.370 63.3 10.0 65.2 10.3 65.8 10.6 67.4 10.7 <0.001
 Waist circumference (cm) 85.5 9.4 85.2 9.2 85.7 8.7 86.7 8.2 <0.001 85.9 8.9 85.5 9.0 86.1 8.6 86.0 8.7 0.479 85.9 8.7 86.1 8.7 85.5 8.9 85.9 8.9 0.457
 BMI 23.8 3.5 23.5 3.3 23.6 3.1 24.0 3.0 0.004 23.8 3.3 23.7 3.2 23.7 3.1 23.7 3.2 0.483 23.6 3.1 23.8 3.1 23.7 3.3 23.9 3.3 0.120
 Steps per day 6958 4514 7092 4328 7065 5208 6954 4082 0.834 7051 4915 6994 4264 6919 4227 7061 4428 0.890 6276 4262 6839 5236 7193 4236 7448 4360 <0.001
 Systolic blood pressure 132.6 18.0 133.6 17.6 136.6 17.5 136.9 17.1 <0.001 135.9 18.1 134.9 17.3 134.4 17.2 135.3 17.5 0.171 137.2 16.8 136.0 17.6 135.1 17.7 133.7 17.8 <0.001
 Diastolic blood pressure 82.5 11.5 81.9 11.4 82.0 10.8 81.6 10.7 0.324 82.5 11.3 81.8 10.9 81.4 11.2 81.8 10.5 0.098 81.0 10.8 81.4 10.7 82.2 11.0 82.8 11.4 0.000
 Serum total cholesterol 196.4 34.4 197.5 33.3 194.3 34.5 194.7 33.6 0.083 194.9 34.2 195.3 33.7 195.8 33.4 196.8 34.2 0.576 188.1 33.4 194.3 33.7 196.2 33.6 200.5 33.8 <0.001
 Serum HDLcholesterol 54.4 14.2 55.0 15.1 54.9 14.4 54.7 15.7 0.819 54.9 15.4 55.1 14.7 54.4 15.0 54.5 14.2 0.627 53.2 14.4 53.8 14.1 55.0 15.1 56.2 15.5 <0.001
 Serum LDL cholesterol 117.5 31.4 116.6 30.3 113.5 31.2 112.8 29.6 <0.001 113.2 31.1 114.5 30.5 115.3 30.3 117.2 30.0 0.011 109.2 30.0 114.7 30.1 114.9 30.0 118.0 31.3 <0.001
 HbA1C 5.7 0.8 5.7 0.8 5.8 0.8 5.8 0.7 <0.001 5.8 0.8 5.8 0.8 5.8 0.7 5.8 0.9 0.107 5.9 0.8 5.9 0.8 5.8 0.8 5.7 0.8 <0.001
 Anti-hypertensive medication (%) 21.3   26.7   33.2   35.4   <0.001 28.0   30.3   32.7   31.3   0.011 42.1   33.4   28.0   22.3   <0.001
 Anti-diabetic medication (%) 5.6   8.4   9.3   9.5   0.001 6.9   8.5   9.1   10.4   0.001 11.9   10.2   7.8   5.7   <0.001
 Anti-lipid medication (%) 8.4   11.0   12.9   14.9   <0.001 9.2   11.7   14.6   16.0   <0.001 14.8   15.0   11.9   9.2   <0.001
 Current smoking (%) 42.2   32.8   28.3   21.5   <0.001 34.2   29.7   25.3   26.2   <0.001 21.8   25.1   32.7   35.5   <0.001
 Past smoking (%) 30.3   37.8   43.1   48.6   <0.001 37.4   40.9   45.2   44.5   <0.001 48.5   43.0   40.6   36.1   <0.001
 Current drinking (%) 37.1   33.8   36.6   34.8   0.271 43.2   36.5   32.5   23.4   <0.001 24.7   31.6   37.8   42.9   <0.001
Women (N) 1589   1715   1747   1628    999   1715   1932   2033    2116   1923   1595   1045   
 Age at survey (yrs) 49.2 15.3 56.4 15.8 59.9 14.1 64.1 11.9 <0.001 57.2 16.3 56.6 16.0 57.6 15.4 58.2 14.2 0.011 63.0 14.2 57.6 14.9 53.9 15.2 51.5 14.7 <0.001
 Height (cm) 154.9 6.3 153.7 6.7 153.3 6.7 152.1 6.2 <0.001 152.8 7.1 153.2 6.8 153.5 6.5 154.0 6.1 <0.001 151.7 6.7 153.6 6.5 154.5 6.3 155.2 6.0 <0.001
 Body weight (kg) 53.7 8.9 53.2 8.8 53.1 8.8 53.1 8.3 0.102 53.8 9.6 53.4 8.6 53.3 8.7 52.9 8.2 0.091 52.2 8.5 53.4 8.4 53.9 8.9 54.3 9.0 <0.001
 Waist circumference (cm) 80.5 10.3 81.3 10.2 81.8 9.8 82.8 9.7 <0.001 82.1 10.6 81.9 10.1 81.7 10.1 81.0 9.7 0.013 82.0 10.0 81.7 9.9 81.3 10.4 81.0 10.1 0.026
 BMI 22.4 3.7 22.6 3.6 22.6 3.5 23.0 3.4 <0.001 23.1 4.0 22.8 3.5 22.6 3.6 22.3 3.4 <0.001 22.7 3.5 22.6 3.5 22.6 3.7 22.6 3.6 0.837
 Steps per day 6450 3696 6101 3383 6366 3609 6465 3958 0.014 6096 4125 6242 3663 6233 3476 6651 3582 <0.001 5824 3706 6398 3559 6637 3588 6837 3766 <0.001
 Systolic blood pressure 122.8 18.7 127.8 19.1 130.1 18.7 133.3 18.4 <0.001 130.5 19.9 128.6 19.1 127.8 18.8 128.3 19.0 0.003 131.6 19.1 128.7 19.1 126.1 19.1 125.8 18.1 <0.001
 Diastolic blood pressure 75.3 10.9 77.1 10.7 78.0 10.7 78.3 10.3 <0.001 77.6 10.7 77.0 10.7 76.8 10.5 77.4 10.9 0.174 77.7 10.7 77.2 10.8 76.6 10.7 77.1 10.6 0.026
 Serum total cholesterol 200.3 34.9 203.5 34.5 207.2 34.3 206.9 34.0 <0.001 198.7 34.5 200.6 33.2 205.8 35.1 209.5 34.3 <0.001 204.3 34.7 206.1 33.8 204.1 34.6 203.0 35.2 0.096
 Serum HDLcholesterol 64.4 15.0 63.8 14.9 64.1 15.9 62.8 15.2 0.018 62.0 15.4 62.5 15.1 64.2 15.5 65.4 14.9 <0.001 62.2 15.0 63.6 15.3 64.7 15.2 66.0 15.7 <0.001
 Serum LDL cholesterol 116.2 31.1 118.2 30.7 119.7 30.0 119.5 30.2 0.004 114.0 30.0 115.8 29.4 119.6 31.0 121.7 30.9 <0.001 118.5 30.8 119.6 30.0 118.3 30.9 116.4 30.4 0.064
 HbA1C 5.6 0.6 5.7 0.7 5.7 0.6 5.8 0.7 <0.001 5.7 0.7 5.7 0.6 5.7 0.6 5.7 0.6 0.529 5.8 0.6 5.7 0.6 5.6 0.6 5.6 0.7 <0.001
 Anti-hypertensive medication (%) 15.7   26.3   26.4   32.7   <0.001 30.2   27.4   24.4   22.2   <0.001 33.9   25.4   19.5   16.9   <0.001
 Anti-diabetic medication (%) 3.2   4.0   4.2   5.3   0.002 4.1   4.4   3.8   4.3   0.496 5.1   5.0   2.8   2.8   <0.001
 Anti-lipid medication (%) 11.1   16.3   18.5   22.4   <0.001 15.1   17.1   16.9   18.3   0.021 21.2   18.5   13.7   11.6   <0.001
 Current smoking (%) 12.4   7.0   5.3   3.1   <0.001 7.0   7.3   6.4   6.9   0.351 4.9   5.6   8.2   11.3   <0.001
 Past smoking (%) 11.4   8.2   6.3   4.4   <0.001 7.5   7.1   7.6   7.9   0.229 4.8   7.5   9.3   10.5   <0.001
 Current drinking (%) 9.1   6.6   5.4   3.9   <0.001 8.6   8.2   5.7   3.8   <0.001 2.6   5.9   7.7   11.9   <0.001
  1. For continuous variables, the general linear model was applied
  2. For categorical variables, the Cochrane-Armitage trend test was applied
  3. Significant P values <0.05 were shown in bold characters