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Table 4 Associations between scores of daily time spent for meal preparation, preparation from scratch cooking skills and kitchen equipment, and socioeconomic characteristicsa

From: Social disparities in food preparation behaviours: a DEDIPAC study

  Women n = 47,556 Men n = 11,369
Daily time spent for meal preparation (min/day) Preparation from scratch Kitchen equipment Daily time spent for meal preparation (min/day) Preparation from scratch Kitchen equipment
Mean SE P-value# Mean SE P-value# Mean SE P-value# Mean SE P-value# Mean SE P-value# Mean SE P-value#
Education    <0.0001    0.009    0.01    0.0006    0.15    0.02
 Primary 39.82 0.28   5.06 0.02   6.89 0.02   27.68 0.52   4.84 0.10   5.15 0.06  
 Secondary 37.20 0.23   5.19 0.02   6.93 0.02   27.01 0.37   4.75 0.04   5.82 0.04  
 Under graduate 35.36 0.33   5.23 0.02   7.01 0.03   25.53 0.63   4.79 0.05   5.92 0.07  
 Post graduate 32.85 0.35   5.31 0.03   6.90 0.03   24.28 0.61   4.85 0.05   5.80 0.07  
Occupation    <0.0001    <0.0001    0.06    <0.0001    0.01    0.01
 Self-employed 38.16 0.49   5.33 0.03   6.93 0.04   25.65 0.69   5.14 0.06   5.74 0.08  
 Never employed 35.07 0.52   5.20 0.03   6.76 0.04   20.36 1.16   4.75 0.10   5.14 0.14  
 Manual worker, Office worker 37.87 0.22   4.96 0.02   6.99 0.02   22.60 0.43   4.72 0.03   5.69 0.05  
 Intermediate profession 35.65 0.25   5.17 0.02   7.01 0.02   24.84 0.48   4.73 0.04   5.90 0.05  
 Managerial staff 34.53 0.34   5.21 0.02   6.96 0.02   27.34 0.52   4.92 0.05   5.91 0.06  
Monthly household income per consumption unit    <0.0001    0.008    <0.0001    <0.0001    0.002    0.09
 Unwilling to answer 37.21 0.30   5.19 0.02   6.82 0.02   28.86 0.69   4.80 0.07   5.64 0.08  
  < 1200 euros 37.11 0.27   5.15 0.02   6.77 0.02   25.98 0.51   4.56 0.05   5.88 0.06  
 1200–1800 euros 35.67 0.22   5.28 0.02   6.95 0.02   24.59 0.41   4.88 0.04   5.81 0.04  
 1801–2700 euros 36.24 0.43   5.32 0.03   7.13 0.03   23.59 0.72   4.83 0.06   5.41 0.08  
  > 2700 euros 34.06 0.35   5.41 0.02   7.98 0.03   22.87 0.58   4.87 0.05   5.63 0.06  
  1. aanalysis of covariance in each sex, among regular and occasional cooks only, including the three socio-economic indicators (education, income and occupation) simultaneously, adjusted for age, household composition, and whether or not the main cook in the household
  2. # P-value represented the overall significance of each variable included in the model (Type 3 analysis of effects)
  3. A P-value <0.001 was considered as statistically significant