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Table 2 Food preparation behaviours in men and womena

From: Social disparities in food preparation behaviours: a DEDIPAC study

  Women % or mean (SD) Men % or mean (SD) P-value#
All subjects
 Frequency of meal preparation n = 48,401 n = 13,972 <0.0001
  Non-cook (less than once/week or never) 2.6 19.6  
  Occasional cook (less than once/day but at least once/week) 17.9 36.8  
  Regular cook (once or more times/day) 79.5 43.6  
Occasional and regular cooks only n = 47,556 n = 11,369  
 Time for meal preparation (min/day) 42.0 (22.9) 27.9 (21.2) <0.0001
 Cooking skills (0–10 point score) 4.8 (1.2) 3.9 (1.6) <0.0001
 Preparation from scratch (0–10 point score) 5.5 (1.8) 5.1 (1.9) <0.0001
 Kitchen equipment (0–10 point score) 7.3 (1.9) 6.2 (2.4) <0.0001
 Enjoy cooking    0.04
  Yes, including daily meal preparation 71.9 69.9  
  Yes, but not daily meal preparation 18.3 18.0  
  No 9.8 12.1  
 Willingness to cook better    0.61
  Yes 66.4 65.7  
  No 33.6 34.3  
 Willingness to cook more frequently    <0.0001
  Yes 26.6 33.7  
  No 73.4 66.3  
  1. atime spent for food preparation, preparation from scratch cooking skills, kitchen equipment, enjoy cooking, willingness to cook better, willingness to cook more frequently were only assessed in occasional and regular cooks (n = 58,925)
  2. # P-value represented the overall significance of each variable (Type 3 analysis of effects)