Skip to main content

Table 4 Association between dietary pattern and MoCA-J score among 635 Japanese men and women aged 69–71 years who participated in SONIC Study, Japan

From: Association between dietary patterns and cognitive function among 70-year-old Japanese elderly: a cross-sectional analysis of the SONIC study

   MoCA-J scorea
   Crude Adjustedb
  n Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI
Factor 1: Plant foods and fish
 Q1 158 22.0 (21.5, 22.5) 22.2 (21.7, 22.7)
 Q2 159 22.6 (22.1, 23.2) 22.7 (22.2, 23.2)
 Q3 159 22.6 (22.1, 23.1) 22.5 (22.0, 23.0)
 Q4 159 23.9 (23.4, 24.4) 23.7 (23.2, 24.2)
Effects per one-quartile increasec   0.56 (0.33, 0.79) 0.41 (0.17, 0.65)
P for trend   <0.001 <0.001
Factor 2: Rice and miso soup
 Q1 158 23.4 (22.9, 24.0) 23.0 (22.5, 23.5)
 Q2 159 23.0 (22.5, 23.5) 22.9 (22.4, 23.4)
 Q3 159 22.5 (21.9, 23.0) 22.5 (22.0, 23.0)
 Q4 159 22.2 (21.7, 22.7) 22.7 (22.2, 23.2)
Effects per one-quartile increasec   −0.42 (−0.65, −0.19) −0.16 (−0.38, 0.07)
P for trend   <0.001 0.33
Factor 3: Animal foods
 Q1 158 22.8 (22.3, 23.3) 22.6 (22.1, 23.1)
 Q2 159 22.5 (22.0, 23.0) 22.5 (22.0, 23.0)
 Q3 159 23.0 (22.5, 23.6) 23.1 (22.7, 23.6)
 Q4 159 22.7 (22.2, 23.2) 22.8 (22.4, 23.3)
Effects per one-quartile increasec   0.01 (−0.22, 0.25) 0.13 (−0.09, 0.35)
P for trend   0.95 0.44
  1. MoCA-J: Japanese version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment
  2. aAll values are mean and 95% CIs in parentheses
  3. bAdjusted for sex (men or women), residential area (Western-urban, Western-rural, Eastern-urban, or Eastern-rural), education (<10, 10–12, or ≥13 years), frequency of going outdoors (<1, 1–4, or ≥5 times per week), current smoking status (yes or no), alcohol consumption (yes or no), BMI (kg/m2, continuous), GDS-5 score as depression (continuous), hypertension (yes or no), diabetes (yes or no), cerebrovascular disease (yes or no) and ApoE-ε4 allele carrier (yes or no)
  4. cValues are unstandardized partial regression coefficients and 95% CIs in parentheses indicating the change per one-quartile increase in conformity to dietary pattern