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Table 3 Nutrient intakes for the lowest (Q1) and highest (Q4) quartiles of three dietary patterns identified for 635 subjects aged 69–71 years who participated in the SONIC Study, Japan

From: Association between dietary patterns and cognitive function among 70-year-old Japanese elderly: a cross-sectional analysis of the SONIC study

Nutrienta Factor 1: Plant foods and fish Factor 2: Rice and miso soup Factor 3: Animal foods
Q1
(n = 158)
Q4
(n = 159)
P trend b Pearson r c Q1
(n = 158)
Q4
(n = 159)
P trend b Pearson r c Q1
(n = 158)
Q4
(n = 159)
P trend b Pearson r c
Protein (% of energy) 13.7 ± 2.6 18.5 ± 3.0 <0.001 0.55 16.2 ± 2.9 16.7 ± 2.5 0.92 0.01 14.3 ± 2.4 19.1 ± 3.3 <0.001 0.60
Fat (% of energy) 22.6 ± 5.6 26.6 ± 4.8 <0.001 0.26 28.8 ± 4.7 25.2 ± 4.8 <0.001 −0.58 22.6 ± 4.5 28.5 ± 5.2 <0.001 0.42
SFA (g/1000 kcal) 6.6 ± 2.0 7.6 ± 1.6 <0.001 0.19 8.8 ± 2.0 7.1 ± 1.9 <0.001 −0.63 7.1 ± 2.0 7.9 ± 1.9 <0.001 0.16
MUFA (g/1000 kcal) 9.0 ± 2.4 10 ± 2.2 <0.001 0.15 11.4 ± 2.1 9.8 ± 2.0 <0.001 −0.59 8.5 ± 1.8 11.3 ± 2.3 <0.001 0.45
PUFA (g/1000 kcal) 6.2 ± 1.6 7.4 ± 1.4 <0.001 0.29 7.4 ± 1.4 7.1 ± 1.2 <0.001 −0.35 5.9 ± 1.2 7.9 ± 1.5 <0.001 0.51
EPA + DHA (g/1000 kcal) 0.47 ± 0.29 0.76 ± 0.37 <0.001 0.32 0.56 ± 0.27 0.68 ± 0.40 <0.001 0.15 0.44 ± 0.23 0.88 ± 0.38 <0.001 0.52
Carbohydrate (% of energy) 54.5 ± 9 53.5 ± 7.1 0.53 −0.06 51.5 ± 7.1 52.2 ± 5.9 <0.001 0.24 60.0 ± 5.2 47.0 ± 5.9 <0.001 −0.66
Dietary fibre (g/1000 kcal) 5.5 ± 1.2 10.3 ± 2.0 <0.001 0.89 8.1 ± 2.3 7.6 ± 2.0 <0.001 −0.19 7.8 ± 2.5 7.7 ± 2.1 0.60 −0.01
Vitamin A (μg/1000 kcal) 348 ± 175 599 ± 184 <0.001 0.48 520 ± 220 479 ± 217 <0.001 −0.20 444 ± 198 558 ± 258 <0.001 0.22
Vitamin E (mg/1000 kcal) 3.4 ± 0.9 5.2 ± 1.0 <0.001 0.67 4.9 ± 1.0 4.4 ± 0.9 <0.001 −0.48 3.9 ± 1.0 4.9 ± 1.0 <0.001 0.40
Vitamin B6 (mg/1000 kcal) 0.6 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.2 <0.001 0.77 0.8 ± 0.2 0.8 ± 0.2 0.42 −0.06 0.7 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.2 <0.001 0.46
Vitamin B12 (mg/1000 kcal) 5.2 ± 2.7 7.3 ± 3.2 <0.001 0.24 6.0 ± 2.5 7.1 ± 2.3 0.003 0.13 4.5 ± 1.8 9.3 ± 3.5 <0.001 0.62
Folate (μg/1000 kcal) 159 ± 38 311 ± 67 <0.001 0.85 240 ± 73 228 ± 62 0.001 −0.16 221 ± 75 247 ± 75 0.002 0.16
Vitamin C (mg/1000 kcal) 52 ± 17 118 ± 31 <0.001 0.81 90 ± 33 81 ± 31 <0.001 −0.22 83 ± 33 86 ± 33 0.31 0.06
Sodium (mg/1000 kcal) 2324 ± 495 2671 ± 542 <0.001 0.27 2541 ± 450 2615 ± 408 0.94 0.02 2178 ± 412 2914 ± 452 <0.001 0.58
Potassium (mg/1000 kcal) 1159 ± 231 2082 ± 364 <0.001 0.88 1692 ± 417 1576 ± 372 <0.001 −0.20 1516 ± 430 1742 ± 436 <0.001 0.22
Calcium (mg/1000 kcal) 257 ± 79 448.8 ± 104 <0.001 0.67 374 ± 109 346 ± 101 <0.001 −0.16 335 ± 103 394 ± 131 <0.001 0.20
Magnesium (mg/1000 kcal) 123 ± 20 192 ± 294 <0.001 0.83 157 ± 31 157 ± 29 0.36 −0.05 145 ± 33 171 ± 36 <0.001 0.30
Iron (mg/1000 kcal) 3.7 ± 0.7 6.2 ± 1.0 <0.001 0.81 4.9 ± 1.1 5.0 ± 1.0 0.59 −0.05 4.6 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.2 <0.001 0.31
  1. SFA saturated fatty acids, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acids, EPA eicosapentaenoic acid, DHA docosahexaenoic acid
  2. aAll nutrients were energy-adjusted using the density method. Means ± SD (all such values)
  3. bA linear trend test was used
  4. cPearson correlation coefficient of >0.2 or <−0.2 was considered significant