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Table 4 Logistic regression analysis: Relationship between diet quality index and carotid target organ damage

From: Diet quality and carotid atherosclerosis in intermediate cardiovascular risk individuals

  IMT >0.9 mm Plaque Carotid TOD
  OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p
DQI
 Model 1 1.005 0.416 to 2.430 0.991 0.914 0.566 to 1.474 0.711 0.925 0.576 to 1.487 0.749
 Model 2 1.115 0.451 to 2.757 0.814 0.994 0.609 to 1.624 0.982 1.019 0.626 to 1.658 0.940
 Model 3 0.934 0.351 to 2.485 0.890 0.935 0.556 to 1.572 0.799 0.981 0.584 to 1.648 0.942
  1. IMT intima media thickness, TOD target organ damage, DQI diet quality index, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. It was considered as carotid TOD if exists a plaque or a carotid IMT >0.9 mm. Presence of a plaque was identified by an IMT ≥1.5 mm or by a focal increase in thickness of 0.5 mm or 50% of the surrounding carotid IMT value
  3. p: statistically significant differences (p < 0.05)
  4. Model 1: No adjustment
  5. Model 2: Adjusted for age and sex
  6. Model 3: Adjusted for age, sex, level of education, smoking, physical activity, antihypertensive, antidiabetics and lipid lowering drugs
  7. Dependent variables IMT (IMT < 0.9 mm = 0; IMT > 0.9 mm = 1); Plaque (No = 0, Yes = 1), Carotid TOD (No = 0, Yes = 1)
  8. Independent variable: DQI two categories (DQI < 40 = 1; DQI ≥ 40 = 0)