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Table 3 Multiple linear regression analysis: Relationship between diet quality index and carotid intima media thickness

From: Diet quality and carotid atherosclerosis in intermediate cardiovascular risk individuals

  IMT mean IMT maximum
  β unstandardized 95% CI p β unstandardized 95% CI p
DQI (Total score)
 Model 1 0.001 −0.002 to 0.004 0.435 0.001 −0.002 to 0.005 0.453
 Model 2 −0.001 −0.004 to 0.001 0.327 −0.002 −0.005 to 0.002 0.358
 Model 3 −0.001 −0.003 to 0.002 0.690 −0.001 −0.004 to 0.003 0.703
  1. DQI diet quality index, IMT carotid intima media thickness
  2. β: regression coefficient; CI: confidence interval
  3. p: statistically significant differences (p < 0.05)
  4. Model 1: No adjustment
  5. Model 2: Adjusted for age and sex
  6. Model 3: Adjusted for age, sex, level of education, smoking, physical activity, antihypertensive, antidiabetics and lipid lowering drugs
  7. Independent variable: Diet quality index