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Table 1 Patient characteristics. Univariate analyses

From: Comparison of different feeding regimes after pancreatoduodenectomy - a retrospective cohort analysis

  Overall GJ group NG group GT group p value
(n = 86) (n = 12) (n = 31) (n = 43) GJ vs NG GJ vs GT NG vs GT
Age (year), mean (±SD) 65.1 (±10.2) 65.8 (±9.2) 64.9 (±11.9) 63.3 (±10.0) 0.67 0.40 0.70
Female 45 (52) 7 (58) 13 (42) 25 (58) 1.00 0.50 0.24
Active smoker 26 (30) 6 (50) 5 (16) 15 (35) 0.05 0.50 0.11
Jaundice 53 (62) 5 (42) 21 (68) 27 (63) 0.17 0.21 0.81
Biliary stenting 30 (35) 5 (42) 7 (23) 18 (42) 0.27 1.00 0.13
Neoadjuvant therapy 4 (5) 1 (8) 1 (3) 2 (5) 0.49 0.53 1.00
BMI (kg/m2), mean (±SD) 24.4 (±4,4) 23.5 (±2) 23.9 (±4,8) 25.2 (±4.7) 0.67 0.13 0.31
Albumin (g/L), mean (±SD)a 38.6 (±5.5) 37.7 (±7.0) 39.6 (±5.9) 37.9 (±4.6) 0.41 0.90 0.23
ASA score
 1 or 2 54 (63) 3 (25) 26 (84) 25 (58)    
 3 32 (37) 9 (75) 5 (16) 18 (42) <0.01 0.06 0.02
  1. Values in parentheses are per cent or SD. BMI Body Mass Index, ASA American Society of Anaesthesiologists status
  2. aPreoperative serum albumin level