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Table 4 Glycaemic outcome parameters for subjects on a low GI and high GI diet (n = 11)

From: Does the ingestion of a 24 hour low glycaemic index Asian mixed meal diet improve glycaemic response and promote fat oxidation? A controlled, randomized cross-over study

Outcome measure Low GI High GI p-value
24 h iAUC (mmol/L.min) 859.8 ± 439.7 1329.4 ± 613.6 0.014
iAUC in calorimeter (mmol/L.min) (10 h) 423.9 ± 234.3 706.0 ± 268.5 0.002
Breakfast iAUC (mmol/L.min) 115.4 ± 63.6 209.7 ± 62.6 <0.001
Lunch iAUC (mmol/L.min) 97.3 ± 61.0 162.1 ± 75.0 0.009
Snack iAUC (mmol/L.min) 129.2 ± 67.8 198.8 ± 84.4 0.012
Dinner iAUC (mmol/L.min) 122.7 ± 79.9 196.1 ± 127.6 0.003
Overnight iAUC (mmol/L.min) (after test dinner) 201.2 ± 148.9 259.0 ± 202.1 0.232
MAGE over 24 h (mmol/L) 1.44 ± 0.63 2.33 ± 0.82 <0.001
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SD; GI: glycaemic index; MAGE: mean amplitude of glycaemic excursion
  2. P-values from paired students t-test when comparing glycaemic parameters between the low and high GI diet