Skip to main content

Table 3 Adjusted coefficients of regression parameters for blood pressure in relation to meat consumption

From: Red meat and chicken consumption and its association with high blood pressure and obesity in South Korean children and adolescents: a cross-sectional analysis of KSHES, 2011–2015

Merged 2011-2015a
(n = 136,739)
Variablesd,e
Blood pressure (BP), mmHg
Systolic BPb Diastolic BPb
β SEM P- valuec R 2 β SEM P- valuec R 2
Adjusted R2     0.260     0.162
Sex
 Boys 1.137 0.11 <0.001   0.467 0.07 <0.001  
Age (years)
 12 y 1.339 0.29 <0.001   0.896 0.20 <0.001  
 15 y 2.964 0.33 <0.001   2.111 0.22 <0.001  
Height (cm) 0.260 0.01 <0.001   0.103 0.01 <0.001  
Areas
 Rural −0.089 0.28 0.757   −0.003 0.19 0.987  
BMI (kg/m2) 0.795 0.01 <0.001   0.116 0.01 <0.001  
 Overweight 4.452 0.13 <0.001   2.265 0.09 <0.001  
 Obesity 7.497 0.16 <0.001   4.123 0.10 <0.001  
Dietary patterns (<3/wk)
 Meat 0.574 0.16 <0.001   0.376 0.12 0.003  
 Milk −0.129 0.17 0.264   0.023 0.07 0.767  
 Fruits 0.143 0.10 0.189   −0.128 0.07 0.098  
 Vegetable 0.044 0.09 0.661   0.016 0.07 0.817  
 Breakfast 0.240 0.13 0.065   0.202 0.09 0.035  
Physical and leisure activities
 Exercise (<3/wk) 0.058 0.10 0.567   0.134 0.06 0.047  
 Internet or games (≥2 hr/d) 0.077 0.11 0.490   0.006 0.07 0.930  
  1. aCross-sectional data from the Korea School Health Examination Survey (2011–2015, 1761 schools)
  2. bOutcome variables: SBP or DBP
  3. c P-value of Wald’s test; β, coefficient of regression parameters; SEM, standard error of the mean; R 2, coefficient of determination
  4. dAll variables in the left column of the table were explanatory variables, and their associations (including place of residence, 17 cities and provinces in South Korea) with SBP or DBP were simultaneously adjusted using multiple linear regression
  5. eReference group: Girls = 0; Aged 9 y = 0; Body mass index (BMI), No excess weight = 0; Urban areas = 0; Dietary patterns, food intake > 5 servings/wk = 0; Exercise ≥ 5/wk = 0; Internet or games < 2 hr/d = 0