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Table 2 Replacement model for diets containing control and modified dairy products for use in the RESET studya

From: Plasma phospholipid fatty acid profile confirms compliance to a novel saturated fat-reduced, monounsaturated fat-enriched dairy product intervention in adults at moderate cardiovascular risk: a randomized controlled trial

  Quantity Total energy Total fat SFA MUFA TFAb PUFA
(g/d) (MJ/d)      
Non-exchangeable fat intake, g/d   6.03 41.7 15.3 14.1 0.5 5.9
Control dietary exchange
 Exchangeable fat intakesc
  Butter, g/d 21.5 0.65 17.4 11.1 4.5 0.7 0.6
  Cheese, g/d 45.0 0.76 15.1 10.2 3.5 0.5 0.4
  Milk, g/d 340.0 0.75 8.6 5.7 2.1 0.3 0.3
Total intake, g/d   8.19 82.8 42.3 24.2 2.0 7.2
Total intake, %TE    38.1 19.4 11.1 0.9 3.3
Target intake, %TE    38.0 19.0 11.0 0.9  
Modified dietary exchange
 Exchangeable fat intakes
  Butter 25.1 0.76 20.4 10.2 8.1 2.1 0.7
  Cheese, g/d 45.0 0.69 12.6 6.3 5.0 1.4 0.4
  Milk, g/d 340 0.79 8.8 4.4 3.6 0.9 0.3
Total intake, g/d   8.27 83.4 36.0 30.8 4.9 7.3
Total intake, %TE    38.0 16.4 14.0 2.1 3.3
Target intake, %TE    38.0 16.0 14.0 2.0  
Mean difference between dietary exchange periods, %TE −0.6 6.2 −6.7 −2.9 −0.2
  1. The FA composition of dairy products was determined using a GC-flame ionisation detection method [38], with a conversion factor of 0.933 used to estimate the proportion of FAs in the total fat content of each product [39]
  2. %TE, percentage of total energy
  3. aTotal intake is the sum of exchangeable and non-exchangeable intakes based on MJ/d for energy and grams/d for FAs
  4. bTotal TFA intake (%TE) is calculated based on recorded energy intake at baseline (MJ/d) in Weech et al. [31]
  5. cEnergy and fat content of the dairy products is based on nutritional analysis conducted by SGS United Kingdom Ltd. (Ellesmere Port, Cheshire)