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Table 4 Variance (adjusted R2) in metabolic risk markers explained by all indirect adiposity measures compared to all indirect and direct adiposity measures combined

From: Comparison of direct measures of adiposity with indirect measures for assessing cardiometabolic risk factors in preadolescent girls

Measures of Total and Regional Adiposity Indirect : BMI category, logWC, logWHtR Indirect + Direct: BMI category, logWC, logWHtR + total% body fat, logFMI, logAndroid fat mass Significance of adding one or more direct measures
logHOMA-IR 0.45 0.46 P = 0.04
logTG 0.14 0.16 P = 0.05
logHDL 0.18 0.18 P = 0.25
logLDL 0.09 0.08 P = 0.50
Measures of Total body adiposity Indirect: BMI category Indirect + Direct: BMI category + total % body fat, logFMI  
logHOMA-IR 0.41 0.44 P = 0.002
logTG 0.09 0.11 P = 0.03
logHDL 0.15 0.18 P = 0.02
logLDL 0.04 0.06 P = 0.03
Measures of Regional adiposity Indirect: logWC, logWHtR Indirect + Direct: logWC, logWHtR + logAndroid fat mass  
logHOMA-IR 0.44 0.46 P = 0.01
logTG 0.14 0.14 P = 0.85
logHDL 0.17 0.18 P = 0.21
logLDL 0.08 0.09 P = 0.20
  1. WC waist circumference (cm), WHtR waist-to-height-ratio, FMI fat mass index (kg/m2), HOMA-IR homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, TG triglycerides, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol (mg/dL), LDL-C low density cholesterol (mg/dL)
  2. All models adjusted for ethnicity and maturity offset
  3. n = 234 for all models