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Table 3 Partial correletions of adiposity measures with metabolic risk factors

From: Comparison of direct measures of adiposity with indirect measures for assessing cardiometabolic risk factors in preadolescent girls

Metabolic risk marker as dependent variable Adiposity measure as independent variable Adiposity Measure Partial correlation (r) Partial Correlation 95% CI Model Adjusted R2
logFasting Insulin (μU/mL)a Indirect Measures    
BMI category    0.42
Overweight 0.32*** (0.20, 0.43)  
Obese 0.55*** (0.45, 0.63)  
logWC (cm) 0.60*** (0.51, 0.68) 0.45
logWHtR 0.57*** (0.48, 0.65) 0.42
Direct Measures    
Total % body fat 0.55*** (0.45, 0.63) 0.41
logFMI (kg/m2) 0.57*** (0.48, 0.65) 0.42
logAndroid fat mass (kg) 0.60*** (0.51, 0.68) 0.45
logFasting Glucose (mg/dL)b Indirect Measures    
BMI category    0.06
Overweight 0.09 (−0.03, 0.21)  
Obese 0.06 (−0.06, 0.18)  
logWC (cm) 0.08 (−0.04, 0.20) 0.06
logWHtR 0.08 (−0.04, 0.20) 0.06
Direct Measures    
Total % body fat 0.09 (−0.03, 0.21) 0.06
logFMI (kg/m2) 0.08 (−0.04, 0.20) 0.06
logAndroid fat mass (kg) 0.10 (−0.02, 0.22) 0.07
logHOMA-IRb Indirect Measures    
BMI category    0.41
Overweight 0.31*** (0.19, 0.42)  
Obese 0.54*** (0.44, 0.63)  
logWC (cm) 0.58*** (0.49, 0.66) 0.44
logWHtR 0.55*** (0.45, 0.63) 0.42
Direct Measures    
Total % body fat 0.54*** (0.44, 0.63) 0.41
logFMI (kg/m2) 0.55*** (0.45, 0.63) 0.42
logAndroid fat mass (kg) 0.58*** (0.49, 0.66) 0.45
logTG (mg/dL)b Indirect Measures    
BMI category    0.12
Overweight 0.14* (0.02, 0.26)  
Obese 0.28*** (0.17, 0.39)  
logWC (cm) 0.36 *** (0.25, 0.46) 0.17
logWHtR 0.35 *** (0.24, 0.45) 0.16
Direct Measures    
Total % body fat 0.28*** (0.17, 0.39) 0.12
logFMI (kg/m2) 0.31*** (0.20, 0.41) 0.13
logAndroid fat mass (kg) 0.34*** (0.23, 0.44) 0.15
logHDL (mg/dL)b Indirect Measures    
BMI category    0.17
Overweight −0.14* (−0.25,−0.02)  
Obese −0.38*** (−0.48,−0.27)  
logWC (cm) −0.41*** (−0.51,−0.30) 0.20
logWHtR −0.40 *** (−0.50,−0.29) 0.19
Direct Measures    
Total % body fat −0.36*** (−0.46,−0.25) 0.16
logFMI (kg/m2) −0.39*** (−0.49,−0.28) 0.18
logAndroid fat mass (kg) −0.40*** (−0.50,−0.29) 0.19
logLDL (mg/dL)b Indirect Measures    
BMI category    0.04
Overweight 0.09 (−0.03, 0.21)  
Obese 0.22** (0.10, 0.33)  
logWC (cm) 0.28*** (0.17, 0.39) 0.07
logWHtR 0.29*** (0.18, 0.40) 0.08
Direct Measures    
Total % body fat 0.23** (0.11, 0.34) 0.05
logFMI (kg/m2) 0.25*** (0.13, 0.36) 0.05
logAndroid fat mass (kg) 0.23*** (0.11, 0.34) 0.05
  1. All models adjusted for ethnicity and maturity offset
  2. WC waist circumference (cm), WHtR waist-to-height-ratio, FMI fat mass index (kg/m2), HOMA-IR homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, TG triglycerides, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol (mg/dL), LDL-C low density cholesterol (mg/dL)
  3. a n = 234
  4. b n = 269
  5. *p < 0.05
  6. **p < 0.001
  7. ***p < 0.0001