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Table 3 Changes in mean macronutrient intake between HAM-RS2 and control groups1,2

From: Resistant starch lowers postprandial glucose and leptin in overweight adults consuming a moderate-to-high-fat diet: a randomized-controlled trial

Nutrient HAM-RS2 Control P value**
Baseline Week 3 Week 6 Baseline Week 3 Week 6
Calories 2190 ± 564 2193 ± 397 2123 ± 424 2091.1 ± 455.3 2046. ± 1337 1910.5 ± 648.7 0.256
Carbohydrate (g) 257.5 ± 84.8 283.0 ± 73.2 268.7 ± 62.6 294.3 ± 90.4 289.4 ± 173.7a 261.7 ± 84.0a 1.000
Protein (g) 82.7 ± 15.3 78.0 ± 13.2 78.4 ± 24.7 88.0 ± 11.1 74.8 ± 48.3 67.4 ± 32.7 0.462
Lipid (g) 95.8 ± 29.5 82.5 ± 20.7 82.1 ± 25.1 75.5 ± 23.9 70.1 ± 52.4 70.8 ± 27.0 0.462
Fiber (g) 21.5 ± 13.9a,b 45.7 ± 8.21* 43.1 ± 6.7b 29.5 ± 14.5 30.2 ± 18.0a* 23.8 ± 6.8a 0.001
  1. 1Dietary analysis software used is United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (http://ndb.nal.usda.gov)
  2. 2Within group values with the same letter superscript (a,b) in the same row are statistically different (P < 0.05)
  3. *Between group values are statistically different (P < 0.05) by Mann–Whitney U test
  4. **Between group comparisons at week 6 analyzed by Mann–Whitney U test