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Table 2 Odd ratios and 95% confidence intervals of stroke by coffee consumption in the Health Examinees (HEXA) Study

From: Relationship between coffee consumption and stroke risk in Korean population: the Health Examinees (HEXA) Study

Daily Coffee Consumption, No. of Cups
  None <1 1 to 3 ≥3 P for trend
Male (N = 50439) (N = 6493) (N = 10141) (N = 19473) (N = 14332)  
 Model 1 1.00 0.83 (0.66-1.04) 0.78 (0.63-0.96) 0.58 (0.46-0.73) <0.0001
 Model 2 1.00 0.95 (0.75-1.21) 0.93 (0.75-1.15) 0.82 (0.64-1.04) 0.1049
 Model 3 1.00 0.95 (0.75-1.20) 0.92 (0.75-1.14) 0.84 (0.66-1.07) 0.1515
Female (N = 96391) (N = 18012) (N = 23015) (N = 40246) (N = 15118)  
 Model 1 1.00 0.54 (0.45-0.66) 0.44 (0.37-0.52) 0.34 (0.26-0.44) <0.0001
 Model 2 1.00 0.67 (0.56-0.82) 0.59 (0.50-0.71) 0.59 (0.45-0.78) <0.0001
 Model 3 1.00 0.68 (0.56-0.82) 0.60 (0.50-0.72) 0.62 (0.47-0.81) <0.0001
  1. Model 1: Unadjusted
  2. Model 2: adjusted for age, education, alcohol consumption, regular exercise, BMI, smoking and total energy
  3. Model 3: adjusted for age, education, alcohol consumption, regular exercise, BMI, smoking, total energy, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia