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Table 3 Differences between groups in recovery of gastrointestinal function

From: Comparison of multi-modal early oral nutrition for the tolerance of oral nutrition with conventional care after major abdominal surgery: a prospective, randomized, single-blind trial

Variables Multimodal EON group
(n = 53)
Conventional care group
(n = 54)
P value
Time to first defecation, h (mean ± SD) 49 ± 7 62 ± 5 <0.001
Time to flatus, h (mean ± SD) 32.8 ± 5.3 42.9 ± 4.8 <0.001
Recovery time of bowel sounds, h (IQR) 24 (21, 27) 35 (31, 37) <0.001
Prolonged postoperative ileus, n (%) 5 (9.4%) 13 (24.1%) 0.043
Recurrent postoperative ileus, n (%) 3 (5.7%) 6 (11.1%) 0.489
The nasogastric tube reinsertion rate, n (%) 4 (9.4%) 8 (14.8%) 0.359
  1. EON early oral nutrition, IQR interquartile ranges