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Table 5 Adjusted intakesa of total and added sugar according to education level in adults and teenagers

From: A review of total & added sugar intakes and dietary sources in Europe

Country Age range Education level (n) Sugar intake (g/day) - mean ± SE
Total sugars Added sugars
The Netherlands [30] 12 to 18 years Low (228) 144.8 ± 2.4 99.2 ± 2.3
Intermediate (681) 144.3 ± 1.3 93.7 ± 1.2
High (72) 135.5 ± 4.4 84.5 ± 4.2
  P-trend 0.08 0.004
19 to 69 years Low (329) 117.8 ± 1.9 70.3 ± 1.8
Intermediate (1312) 118.0 ± 0.9 68.0 ± 0.9
High (463) 118.3 ± 1.5 62.0 ± 1.4
  P-trend 0.83 0.0002
France [25] 3 to 17 years Low (194) 98.2 ± 2.5 62.8 ± 2.8
Intermediate (778) 92.1 ± 1.0 56.7 ± 0.8
High (438) 93.9 ± 1.0 54.6 ± 1.0
  P-trend 0.1924 0.0830
18 to 79 years Low (338) 86.4 ± 2.4 45.5 ± 2.1
Intermediate (978) 88.6 ± 1.0 43.9 ± 0.8
High (546) 90.2 ± 1.4 42.4 ± 1.2
  P-trend 0.4087 0.3146
  1. aAdjusted for age (years), sex (male/female), and energy (kcal/day)