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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Dietary glycemic index and retinal microvasculature in adults: a cross-sectional study

  Mean or n/SD or %
Age 51.6 (10.4)
Sex (% females) 193 (64.3)
Hypertension (n, %) 77 (25.7)
Type 2 Diabetes (n, %) 13 (4.3)
Dyslipidemia (n, %) 84 (28.0)
Obesity, BMI > 30 (n, %) 73 (24.3)
Smoking (n, %) 83 (27.7)
Antihypertensive drugs (n, %) 62 (20.7)
Antidiabetic drugs (n, %) 13 (4.3)
Lipid-lowering drugs (n, %) 42 (14.0)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 121.3 (16.4)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74.3 (10.2)
Heart rate (bpm) 67.7 (10.6)
BMI (Kg/m2) 27.3 (4.6)
Waist circumference (cm) 92.9 (12.4)
Serum glucose (mg/dl) 85.3 (11.4)
HbA1c (%) 5.4 (0.4)
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 200.5 (32.1)
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 99.7 (46.6)
Total energy (Kcal/day) 2547.9 (757.0)
Total fat (g/day) 105.7 (36.5)
Protein (g/day) 110.0 (28.9)
Carbohydrates (g/day) 274.7 (97.7)
GI (%) 47.8 (5.5)
Arteriolar caliber (μm) 100.8 (11.4)
Venular caliber (μm) 134.6 (14.5)
AVI 0.76 (0.08)
  1. Data for qualitative variables are expressed as n (%) and quantitative variables as mean ± standard deviation
  2. BMI body mass index, GI glycemic index, AVI retinal arteriolar-venular index