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Table 4 Results of paired t-tests for mean comparisons of energy intake (EI) and energy expenditure (EE) variables between the Exercise (EX) and Sedentary (SED) Days

From: Impact of imposed exercise on energy intake in children at risk for overweight

  EX Day SED Day Paired Diff. (± SD) t p Effect size (d)
Total EI (kcal) 2171 ± 566 2088 ± 497 83 ± 204 1.8 0.09 0.41
 Breakfast EI (kcal) 287 ± 8.2 286 ± 8.5 0 ± 9 0.2 0.87 0.04
 Lunch EI (kcal) 683 ± 186 639 ± 193 45 ± 100 2.0 0.06 0.45
 Snack EI (kcal) 245 ± 72 256 ± 61 −12 ± 28 −1.9 0.08 0.43
 Dinner EI (kcal) 956 ± 362 907 ± 310 50 ± 182 1.2 0.24 0.27
EI from Macronutrients (kcal)
 Carbohydrate (kcal) 1269 ± 337 1235 ± 295 33 ± 122 1.2 0.24 0.85
 Protein (kcal) 207 ± 68 196 ± 67 11 ± 23 2.1 0.04 * 1.48
 Fat (kcal) 694 ± 181 655 ± 155 39 ± 76 2.3 0.03 * 1.61
Total Activity-related EE (kcal) 534 ± 263 226 ± 146 308 ± 137 10.1 0.001* 2.25
 Morning Activity-related  EE (kcal) 394 ± 123 116 ± 77 278 ± 61 20.4 0.001* 4.56
 Afternoon Activity-related  EE (kcal) 144 ± 147 110 ± 74 33 ± 86 1.8 0.09 0.40
Relative EI (kcal) 1636 ± 456 1862 ± 426 −226 ± 196 −5.15 0.001 * 1.15
  1. *Significance at p < 0.05