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Table 3 Comparisons of mental health problems according to energy drink and junk food consumption

From: Association between energy drink intake, sleep, stress, and suicidality in Korean adolescents: energy drink use in isolation or in combination with junk food consumption

  Frequent energy drinks/frequent junk food (A) (N = 2123) Frequent energy drinks/infrequent junk food (B) (N = 6084) Infrequent energy drinks/frequent junk food (C) (N = 7746) Infrequent energy drinks/infrequent junk food (D) (N = 52090) C versus D B versus D A versus D
% % % % AOR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI)
Sleep dissatisfaction 47.9 43.0 43.7 36.9 1.30 (1.29-1.31) 1.32 (1.31-1.33) 1.58 (1.56-1. 60)
Perceived stress 45.6 42.2 38.8 33.7 1.24 (1.23-1.25) 1.47 (1.46-1.48) 1.78 (1.76-1.80)
Persistent depressive mood 41.7 29.6 28.2 21.4 1.39 (1.38-1.40) 1.55 (1.54-1.56) 2.48 (2.45-2.51)
Suicidal ideation 24.0 14.7 13.7 10.5 1.30 (1.29-1.32) 1.47 (1.45-1.49) 2.55 (2.51-2.59)
Suicide plan 13.2 5.9 5.1 3.0 1.65 (1.62-1.68) 1.96 (1.93-1.99) 3.94 (3.86-4.03)
Suicide attempt 10.0 3.9 3.1 1.9 1.58 (1.54-1.61) 2.11 (2.07-2.16) 5.01 (4.89-5.14)
  1. AOR: odd ratios adjusted for age, gender, school type, area of residence, residential type, level of academic achievement, level of physical activity, and alcohol use