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Table 2 Association between energy drink intake and mental health problems in Korean adolescents

From: Association between energy drink intake, sleep, stress, and suicidality in Korean adolescents: energy drink use in isolation or in combination with junk food consumption

  Highly frequent energy drinks (≥5/wks) (N = 945) Moderately frequent energy drinks (1-4/wks) (N = 7262) Infrequent energy drinks (N = 59836) Highly frequent energy drinks vs. infrequent energy drinks Moderately frequent energy drinks vs. infrequent energy drinks
% % % AOR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI)
Sleep dissatisfaction 52.0 43.2 37.8 1.64 (1.61-1.67) 1.25 (1.25-1.26)
Perceived stress 53.1 41.7 34.3 2.23 (2.19-2.27) 1.38 (1.37-1.39)
Persistent depressive mood 46.0 31.0 22.3 2.59 (2.54-2.65) 1.51 (1.49-1.52)
Suicidal ideation 29.9 15.5 10.9 3.14 (3.07-3.21) 1.43 (1.42-1.45)
Suicide plan 18.2 6.4 3.3 4.65 (4.53-4.78) 1.78 (1.75-1.81)
Suicide attempt 15.1 4.2 2.0 6.79 (6.59-7.00) 1.91 (1.87-1.95)
  1. AOR: odd ratios adjusted for age, gender, school type, residential area, residence type, academic achievement, alcohol and junk food consumption, and physical activity