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Table 1 Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics of adolescents with frequent energy drink and infrequent energy drink consumption

From: Association between energy drink intake, sleep, stress, and suicidality in Korean adolescents: energy drink use in isolation or in combination with junk food consumption

  Highly frequent energy drinks (≥5/wks) (N = 945) Moderately frequent energy drinks (1-4/wks) (N = 7262) Infrequent energy drinks (N = 59836) Highly frequent energy drinks vs. infrequent energy drinks Moderately frequent energy drinks vs. infrequent energy drinks
% % % OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Sex, males 65.0 59.8 51.0 1.79 (1.75-1.82) 1.43 (1.42-1.44)
High school 57.5 54.0 52.8 1.21 (1.18-1.23) 1.05 (1.04-1.06)
Rural residence 7.2 8.1 6.1 1.19 (1.14-1.23) 1.36 (1.35-1.38)
Non-residence with family 13.5 5.5 4.0 3.73 (3.63-3.83) 1.40 (1.38-1.43)
High academic achievement 16.4 11.2 12.7 1.35 (1.32-1.38) 0.87 (0.86-0.87)
Junk food consumption (≥3 times /wk) 46.5 23.8 13.2 5.70 (5.59-5.80) 2.05 (2.03-2.07)
Lifetime alcohol use 54.6 49.0 39.6 1.35 (1.34-1.37) 1.46 (1.45-1.48)
Physically active 47.4 42.5 38.7 1.43 (1.40-1.45) 1.17 (1.16-1.18)
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean difference (95 % CI) Mean difference (95 % CI)
Age, yrs 15.44 (1.78) 15.13 (1.76) 15.07 (1.72) 0.37 (0.35-0.39) 0.06 (0.05-0.07)