Skip to main content

Table 1 General characteristics of study population by awareness regarding nutrition labelling in in this study

From: Is nutritional labeling associated with individual health? The effects of labeling-based awareness on dyslipidemia risk in a South Korean population

Awareness regarding nutrition labelling Checks nutrition facts and makes labeling-dependent purchase decisions Checks nutrition facts but does not make labeling-dependent purchase decisions/Aware of nutrition facts but does not check them when making food purchase decisions Unaware of nutrition facts P-value
Variables N/Mean %/SD N/Mean %/SD N/Mean %/SD
Sex
 Male 645 8.76 3,739 50.78 2,979 40.46 <.0001
 Female 2,527 24.48 4,602 44.58 3,195 30.95  
Age (years)
 30–39 1,406 34.19 2,402 58.41 304 7.39 <.0001
 40–49 1,014 25.76 2,367 60.14 555 14.10  
 50–59 524 13.88 2,001 53.02 1,249 33.09  
 60+ 228 3.89 1,571 26.79 4,066 69.33  
Educational level
 Under high school graduation 1,313 11.25 4,881 41.83 5,476 46.92 <.0001
 Bachelor’s degree 1,635 30.91 3,035 57.37 620 11.72  
 Master’s degree or above 224 30.81 425 58.46 78 10.73  
Economic activity
 Unemployed 1,389 20.23 2,706 39.41 2,772 40.37 <.0001
 Employed 1,783 16.48 5,635 52.08 3,402 31.44  
Household income
 Low 172 5.09 869 25.70 2,340 69.21 <.0001
 Mid-low 715 15.92 2,124 47.29 1,652 36.78  
 Mid-high 1,085 22.04 2,599 52.79 1,239 25.17  
 High 1,200 24.53 2,749 56.19 943 19.28  
BMI
 <23 1,629 20.62 3,814 48.28 2,456 31.09 <.0001
 23–25 687 16.21 1,951 46.04 1,600 37.75  
 >25 856 15.42 2,576 46.41 2,118 38.16  
Aerobic exercise habits
 Yes 937 21.97 2,115 49.59 1,213 28.44 <.0001
 No 2,235 16.65 6,226 46.39 4,961 36.96  
Smoking status
 Non-smoker 2,821 19.73 6,536 45.71 4,943 34.57 <.0001
 Smoker 351 10.36 1,805 53.29 1,231 36.34  
High risk drinking
 No 2,935 18.39 7,375 46.22 5,646 35.38 <.0001
 Yes 237 13.69 966 55.81 528 30.50  
Family history for hyperlipidemia
 No 2,915 17.22 7,941 46.91 6,073 35.87 <.0001
 Yes 257 33.91 400 52.77 101 13.32  
Survey year
 2010 725 18.28 1,721 43.39 1,520 38.33 <.0001
 2011 623 15.73 1,735 43.81 1,602 40.45  
 2012 621 17.25 1,675 46.54 1,303 36.20  
 2013 590 18.64 1,671 52.78 905 28.58  
 2014 613 20.46 1,539 51.37 844 28.17  
Stress awareness
 Low 2,348 17.35 6,369 47.05 4,820 35.61 <.0001
 High 824 19.86 1,972 47.52 1,354 32.63  
Subjective health status
 Good 1,187 20.41 2,941 50.56 1,689 29.04 <.0001
 Normal 1,611 18.44 4,239 48.51 2,888 33.05  
 Bad 374 11.94 1,161 37.07 1,597 50.99  
Average amount of daily fat intake 46.39 0.77 46.34 0.51 33.16 0.55 <.0001
The frequency of eating out
 Less than four times a week 2,182 18.01 4,972 41.04 4,961 40.95 <.0001
 More than five times a week 990 17.77 3,369 60.46 1,213 21.77  
Total 3,172 17.93 8,341 47.16 6,174 34.91