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Table 5 Within-group analysis of active group - Week 4, Hour 0 to Hour 6

From: The effects of the DDS-1 strain of lactobacillus on symptomatic relief for lactose intolerance - a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover clinical trial

  Time point n Mean Std. deviation Std. error mean p-value Percent change
Diarrhea Hour 0 22 0.45 1.595 0.340 0.289 190.00 %
Hour 6 22 1.32 2.255 0.481
Abdominal cramping Hour 0 22 .64 1.177 0.251 0.227 128.57 %
Hour 6 22 1.45 2.087 0.445
Vomiting Hour 0 22 0.05 0.213 0.045 1.000 0.00 %
Hour 6 22 0.05 0.213 0.045
Audible bowel sounds Hour 0 22 1.45 1.711 0.365 0.057 46.88 %
Hour 6 22 2.14 1.959 0.418
Flatulence Hour 0 23 1.30 1.743 0.364 0.004 ** 150.00 %
Hour 6 23 3.26 2.562 0.534
Overall Hour 0 22 3.86 5.167 1.102 0.027 * 112.94 %
Hour 6 22 8.23 7.502 1.599
  1. *statistically significant at p < 0.05; ** statistically significant at p > 0.01