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Table 4 Net health gain and costs incremental to “do nothing” by socio-demographic group for selecteda sodium reduction interventions (expressed per adult in 2011, over the remainder of their life with 3 % discounting)

From: Modeling health gains and cost savings for ten dietary salt reduction targets

  Full target (mandatory) Packaged foods target (mandatory) Fast foods & restaurant target (mandatory) Snacks target (mandatory)
Intervention/population group Health gain (QALYs) per adult Cost per adult (NZ$) Health gain (QALYs) per adult Cost per adult (NZ$) Health gain (QALYs) per adult Cost per adult (NZ$) Health gain (QALYs) per adult Cost per adult (NZ$)
Age < 65 yearsb 0.112 -$689 0.059 -$362 0.033 -$203 0.0029 -$16.9
Age 65+ yearsb 0.072 -$127 0.037 -$66 0.021 -$36.6 0.0019 -$2.2
Women 0.085 -$423 0.044 -$222 0.025 -$125 0.0022 -$9.9
Men 0.121 -$680 0.063 -$357 0.035 -$200 0.0032 -$16.8
Māori 0.130 -$461 0.068 -$242 0.038 -$136 0.0034 -$11.0
Non-Māori 0.099 -$555 0.051 -$291 0.029 -$163 0.0026 -$13.4
  1. a Interventions selected to show the three highest impact ones and also the lowest impact one (for the mandatory range of interventions)
  2. b This is the starting age-group, with the results for the rest of the lives in these modeled populations