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Table 3 Population level results for the health gain and cost of the 10 sodium reduction interventions (95 % uncertainty intervals) a

From: Modeling health gains and cost savings for ten dietary salt reduction targets

Intervention Health gain (QALYs for remainder of the cohort’s life) Health system cost (NZ$; millions) for remainder of the cohort’s life
“Do nothing” comparator b 33.2 million (33.0 to 33.4 million) 162,000 (145,000 to 181,000)
Incremental to “Do nothing   
– Mandatory measures achieved   
1) Full target 235,000 (176,000 to 298,000) -1260 (-1710 to 870)
2) Packaged foods target 122,000 (98,200 to 149,000) -660 (-868 to 480)
3) Fast food & restaurant target 68,700 (55,200 to 83,600) -370 (-487 to 270)
4) Bread target 8900 (7100 to 10,800) -45.2 (-61 to 32)
5) Processed meats target 13,400 (10,800 to 16,200) -70.0 (-94 to 50)
6) Sauces target 20,000 (16,100 to 24,300) -106 (-141 to 77)
7) Package of Interventions 4 to 6 42,400 (34,200 to 51,500) -228 (-302 to 167)
8) Snack food target 6100 (5000 to 7400) -30.3 (-40 to 21)
9) All bread and bakery target 20,400 (16,600 to 24,800) -108 (-141 to 78)
10) Cheese target 8800 (7100 to 10,600) -44.6 (-59 to 32)
– Voluntary measures achieved   
1) Full target 222,000 (168,000 to 284,000) -1170 (-1600 to 798)
2) Packaged foods target 115,000 (85,300 to 147,000) -608 (-827 to 425)
3) Fast food & restaurant target 64,700 (48,000 to 82,200) -338 (-461 to 236)
4) Bread target 8400 (6200 to 10,600) -35.7 (-52 to 22)
5) Processed meats target 12,700 (9600 to 16,000) -58.4 (-82 to 38)
6) Sauces target 18,900 (14,400 to 23,900) -91.9 (-128 to 61)
7) Package of Interventions 4 to 6 40,100 (30,500 to 50,700) -205 (-281 to 141)
8) Snack food target 5800 (4400 to 7300) -22.0 (-34 to 12)
9) All bread and bakery target 19,400 (14,700 to 24,400) -95.1 (-134 to 63)
10) Cheese target 8300 (6300 to 10,500) -35.4 (-52 to 22)
  1. a Expected values for the NZ adult population aged 35+ years and alive in 2011 modeled out to death or age 100. Numbers are rounded to two or three meaningful digits
  2. b No intervention costs are included in this “do nothing comparator” (i.e., the costs of the currently existing programs of “dietary counselling by dietitians” and the “Endorsement Label Program” [4] are removed)