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Table 3 Odds ratios for BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 by breakfast consumption group among Canadian adultsb

From: Association of breakfast consumption with body mass index and prevalence of overweight/obesity in a nationally-representative survey of Canadian adults

   No breakfast RTEC breakfast Other breakfast
Age n Odds ratio (Reference) Odds ratio 95 % CI Odds ratio 95 % CI
All
 18–30 y 2947 1.0 0.57 0.36, 0.88a 0.72 0.49, 1.05
 31–50 y 3129 1.0 1.51 0.91, 2.50 1.22 0.82, 1.84
 51–70 y 3618 1.0 1.07 0.62, 1.83 1.28 0.78, 2.08
  ≥ 71 y 2547 1.0 0.67 0.26, 1.71 0.80 0.31, 2.02
 All ≥ 18 y 12,241 1.0 0.95 0.72, 1.26 1.04 0.81, 1.34
Men
 18–30 y 1345 1.0 0.70 0.38, 1.29 0.96 0.56, 1.64
 31–50 y 1463 1.0 1.51 0.72, 3.15 1.14 0.60, 2.15
 51–70 y 1510 1.0 0.75 0.32, 1.74 0.59 0.30, 1.18
  ≥ 71 y 886 1.0 0.84 0.24, 1.91 1.01 0.29, 3.53
 All ≥ 18 y 5204 1.0 1.03 0.68, 1.57 1.02 0.70, 1.49
Women
 18–30 y 1602 1.0 0.43 0.23, 0.80a 0.54 0.34, 0.85a
 31–50 y 1666 1.0 1.67 0.84, 3.34 1.39 0.83, 2.30
 51–70 y 2108 1.0 1.46 0.69, 3.11 2.34 1.17, 4.68a
  ≥ 71 y 1661 1.0 0.58 0.18, 1.81 0.70 0.23, 2.16
 All ≥ 18 y 7037 1.0 0.90 0.62, 1.29 1.09 0.80, 1.48
  1. a95 % CI for Odds Ratio excludes 1.0
  2. bData from CCHS 2.2. Adjusted for age, sex, physical activity, race, smoking, marital status, supplement use, food security and language spoken at home. Breakfast non-consumers (No Breakfast) were the reference group; RTEC Breakfast = breakfast that included ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC); Other Breakfast = any other type of breakfast