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Table 3 Associations of serum magnesium concentrations with coronary risk factors

From: Serum magnesium is inversely associated with coronary artery calcification in the Genetics of Atherosclerotic Disease (GEA) study

  Odds ratio P
Hypertension 0.81 [0.673–0.985] 0.034
Insulin resistance 0.89 [0.763–1.044] 0.155
Metabolic syndrome 1.03 [0.891–1.189] 0.694
Type 2 diabetes mellitus 0.62 [0.489–0.786] <0.001
  1. Odds ratios are expressed in terms of per SD 0.17 mg/dl increase in serum magnesium levels
  2. Multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, education, smoking status, elevated abdominal visceral adipose tissue, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, low and high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting insulin and glucose, physical activity, alcohol consumption, menopausal status (women only) and diuretic use