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Table 2 Association of serum magnesium levels with cardiometabolic risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis

From: Serum magnesium is inversely associated with coronary artery calcification in the Genetics of Atherosclerotic Disease (GEA) study

  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
   Odds ratio [CI 95 %] Odds ratio [CI 95 %] Odds ratio [CI 95 %]
Hypertension 1 0.52 [0.295–0.917] 0.56 [0.323–0.961] 0.52 [0.294–0.931]
Insulin resistance 1 1.26 [0.891–1.940] 0.96 [0.632–1.467] 1.02 [0.694–1.506]
Metabolic syndrome 1 1.04 [0.715–1.512] 1.01 [0.696–1.467] 1.02 [0.964–1.506]
Type 2 diabetes mellitus 1 0.42 [0.199–0.886] 0.34 [0.161–0.705] 0.31 [0.143–0.672]
CAC score >0 1 0.68 [0.436–1.070] 0.78 [0.507–1.197] 0.58 [0.374–0.915]
  1. Data are expressed as odds ratios and 95 % confidence interval (CI) as assessed by multivariate logistic regression analyses. Other covariates included in the multivariable regression model, along with serum magnesium were: age, sex, education, smoking status, elevated abdominal visceral adipose tissue, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, low and high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting insulin and glucose, physical activity, alcohol consumption, menopausal status (women only), family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus and diuretic use