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Table 4 Cardiometabolic effects of raisins compared to processed snacks in patients with hyperglycemia and in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), summary of two similarly designed 12 week studies [45, 46]

From: Pairing nuts and dried fruit for cardiometabolic health

Metabolic parameter Patients with Hyperglycemia but not T2D Patients with T2D
Postprandial glucose (%) Raisins: 16 % ↓ (p = 0.033) Raisins: 23 % ↓ (p = 0.024)
Postprandial glucose (mg/dL) Raisins: ↓ by 13.5 mg/dL (p = 0.09) Raisins: ↓ by 36 mg/dL (p = 0.07)
Fasting glucose (%) Raisins: ↓ by 8 % (p = 0.75) Raisins: ↓ by 19 % (p = 0.06)
HbA1c (%) Raisins: ↓ by 0.08 % (p = 0.17) Raisins: ↓ by 0.12 % (p = 0.62)
Systolic Blood Pressure (%) Raisins: ↓ by 4.8 % (p = 0.047) Raisins: ↓ by 7.5 % (p = .031)
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) Raisins: ↓ by 6.5 mmHg (p = 0.047) Raisins: ↓ by 8.7 mmHg (p = 0.035)
Other metabolic parameters Raisins did not improve diastolic BP, weight, body mass index, waist circumference, fasting insulin, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and non HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride Raisins did not improve diastolic BP, weight, body mass index, waist circumference, fasting insulin, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and non HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride