Skip to main content

Table 3 Postprandial responses across time

From: Postprandial changes in cardiometabolic disease risk in young Chinese men following isocaloric high or low protein diets, stratified by either high or low meal frequency - a randomized controlled crossover trial

Time (h) 0 1 2.5 4 5.5 7 8.5 iAUC Overall p (Diet) D
Glucose (mmol/L)           
CON-2 4.7 ± 0.6 6.1 ± 1.1a 5.4 ± 0.6a 4.8 ± 0.8a 6.8 ± 1.0a 5.7 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.8 536 ± 290 .003  
CON-6 5.0 ± 0.8 6.2 ± 1.1 5.9 ± 0.5b 5.8 ± 0.6b 6.1 ± 0.5a 5.7 ± 0.7a 6.1 ± 1.1 480 ± 292   - 0.19
PRO-2 4.8 ± 0.4 5.2 ± 0.4b 5.0 ± 0.4a 4.9 ± 0.4a 5.2 ± 0.6b 5.2 ± 0.7 5.0 ± 0.8 185 ± 166   - 1.21
PRO-6 4.7 ± 0.4 5.2 ± 0.4 5.0 ± 0.4a 5.1 ± 0.4a 5.1 ± 0.5b 5.1 ± 0.6b 5.2 ± 0.7 214 ± 188   - 1.11
Insulin (μU/ml)           
CON-2 6.1 ± 3.3 84.3 ± 45.3a 74.0 ± 43.6a 21.6 ± 16.8 105.6 ± 61.0a 62.0 ± 46.4 28.6 ± 17.9 28.4 ± 15.6 a .001  
CON-6 8.1 ± 5.0 49.7 ± 19.5 60.1 ± 31.9 45.6 ± 29.2a 53.7 ± 33.2 39.5 ± 22.0 44.8 ± 24.9 19.8 ± 10.3   - 0.57
PRO-2 6.0 ± 4.2 63.3 ± 41.2 58.7 ± 36.2 25.6 ± 18.5b 46.6 ± 22.5 34.4 ± 24.9 27.8 ± 25.9 18.1 ± 10.6   - 0.68
PRO-6 7.1 ± 3.6 47.6 ± 28.4b 39.4 ± 21.3b 30.8 ± 16.3 34.6 ± 12.6b 28.3 ± 15.4 36.0 ± 25.0 13.7 ± 7.1b   - 0.97
TAG (mmol/L)           
CON-2 0.9 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.4 1.6 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.6 1.6 ± 0.5 1.4 ± 0.6 1.6 ± 0.4 294 ± 133 .026  
CON-6 1.1 ± 0.5 1.1 ± 0.5 1.4 ± 0.5 1.6 ± 0.6 1.6 ± 0.6 1.6 ± 0.5 1.8 ± 0.6 224 ± 139   - 0.52
PRO-2 0.9 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.3 1.6 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.4 1.7 ± 0.6 1.7 ± 0.5 1.7 ± 0.6 322 ± 91   0.21
PRO-6 1.0 ± 0.5 1.2 ± 0.5 1.6 ± 0.6 1.9 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.7 1.9 ± 0.7 2.0 ± 0.7 340 ± 175   0.34
hs-CRP (mg/L)           
CON-2 0.74 ± 1.41 0.79 ± 1.44 - 0.74 ± 1.44 0.69 ± 1.39 - 0.72 ± 1.40 −0.5 ± 90 .17  
CON-6 0.80 ± 1.04 0.81 ± 1.00 - 0.73 ± 0.87 0.66 ± 0.81 - 0.55 ± 0.70 −50 ± 115   - 0.55
PRO-2 0.64 ± 0.86 0.69 ± 0.84 - 0.70 ± 0.82 0.65 ± 0.77 - 0.63 ± 0.71 12 ± 71   0.14
PRO-6 0.12 ± 0.18 0.13 ± 0.21 - 0.15 ± 0.23 0.18 ± 0.24 - 0.17 ± 0.25 19 ± 35   0.22
Systolic BP (mmHg)           
CON-2 120 ± 10 122 ± 10 121 ± 11 120 ± 7 118 ± 8 123 ± 9 122 ± 9 459 ± 3343 .84  
CON-6 118 ± 6 120 ± 6 118 ± 9 116 ± 6 121 ± 8 120 ± 6 120 ± 6 249 ± 2101   −0.06
PRO-2 116 ± 8 123 ± 8 118 ± 11 118 ± 12 120 ± 13 116 ± 6 119 ± 8 1501 ± 4658   0.31
PRO-6 119 ± 8 119 ± 7 118 ± 12 120 ± 9 120 ± 7 118 ± 11 123 ± 9 245 ± 4209   −0.06
Diastolic BP (mmHg)           
CON-2 78 ± 8 73 ± 8 76 ± 9 78 ± 7 71 ± 8 73 ± 8 77 ± 5 −1560 ± 2399 .86  
CON-6 76 ± 6 76 ± 9 74 ± 7 73 ± 6 73 ± 4 76 ± 7 75 ± 6 −614 ± 2272   −0.39
PRO-2 78 ± 9 75 ± 5 74 ± 7 75 ± 9 77 ± 14 72 ± 8 77 ± 8 −1466 ± 3024   −0.04
PRO-6 79 ± 6 77 ± 10 76 ± 6 76 ± 6 76 ± 8 76 ± 8 77 ± 6 −1473 ± 2642   −0.04
  1. All values are mean ± standard deviation. n = 10. iAUC: Incremental Area under the Curve for 8.5 h period. D: Effect size Cohen’s d, Glass’sΔ correction. Figures with differing superscript letters are significantly different: p <0.05 (after Bonferroni correction)