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Table 1 Patients characteristics (n = 726)

From: Relationship between dietary patterns and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study

Demographic data  
Age (years) 57.8 ± 8.6
Gender (male) 456 (62.9)
Estimated duration of diabetes (years) 9.9 ± 7.2
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.6 ± 4.1
HbA1c (%) 7.0 ± 1.0
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 134 ± 31
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 127 ± 14
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 77 ± 11
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 185 ± 28
High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (mg/dL) 59 ± 14
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 100 [70, 152]
Aspartate aminotransferase (U/L) 21 [18, 27]
Alanine aminotransferase (U/L) 22 [16, 33]
γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (U/L) 25 [17, 39]
Uric Acid (mg/dl) 5.5 ± 1.2
Estimated glomerular filtration rate (ml/min/ 1.73 m2) 78 ± 18
Urinary albumin excretion (mg/g creatinine) 10 [6, 23]
brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (cm/s) 1543 ± 279
Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire 57.4 ± 7.3
Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index 5.1 ± 3.0
Beck Depression inventory -II 9.9 ± 7.6
Energy intake (kcal/day) 1713 ± 582
Physical activity (Mets/h/week) 42.8 ± 70.5
Sleep duration (hours) 6.4 ± 1.2
Current smoker (yes) 174 (24.0)
Alcohol (g/day) 12.3 ± 21.5
Treatment modality (n/%)  
Diabetes medication (yes) 620 (85.5)
Hypertension medication (yes) 346 (47.7)
Hyperlipidemia medication (yes) 442 (61.0)
  1. Data are mean ± SD or number (percentage) of patients