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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and anthropometric measurements of study participants (n = 111)a

From: Validity and reliability of a food frequency questionnaire to estimate dietary intake among Lebanese children

Socio-demographic variables Total Females (n = 58) Males (n = 53)
Age of mother (years) 38.45 ± 6.36 38.95 ± 6.87 37.91 ± 5.76
Age of child (years) 8.15 ± 2.04 8.09 ± 2.02 8.23 ± 2.07
Gender   58 (52.3) 53 (47.7)
School
 Private 63 (56.8) 33 (56.9) 30 (56.6)
 Public 48 (43.2) 25 (43.1) 23 (43.4)
Grade level
 Kindergarten 6 (5.4) 4 (6.9) 2 (3.77)
 Grade 1 30 (27.0) 13 (22.4) 17 (32.1)
 Grade 2 17 (15.3) 10 (17.2) 7 (13.2)
 Grade 3 17 (15.3) 10 (17.2) 7 (13.2)
 Grade 4 24 (21.6) 13 (22.4) 11 (20.8)
 Grade 5 6 (5.4) 2 (3.4) 4 (7.5)
 Grade 6 11 (10.0) 6 (10.3) 5 (9.4)
Mother’s marital status
 Divorced, separated or widowed 8 (6.7) 4 (6.9) 4 (7.5)
 Married 112 (93.3) 54 (93.1) 49 (92.5)
Mother’s educational level
 Less than high school degree 26 (23.4) 16 (27.6) 10 (18.9)
 Attained a high school degree 39 (35.2) 16 (27.6) 23 (43.4)
 Attained a university degree 46 (41.4) 26 (44.8) 20 (37.7)
Mother’s employment status
 Not employed 79 (71.2) 40 (69.0) 39 (73.6)
 Employed 32 (28.8) 18 (31.0) 14 (26.4)
Crowding index 1.27 ± 0.66 1.34 ± 0.79 1.20 ± 0.47
 <1 56 (50.5) 30 (51.7) 26 (49.1)
 1.00–1.50 29 (26.1) 14 (24.1) 15 (28.3)
 >1.50 26 (23.4) 14 (24.1) 12 (22.6)
Anthropometric measurements of the child
Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2)b    
 Normal weight (−2–0.99 SD) 53 (47.7) 29 (50.0) 24 (45.3)
 Overweight (1–1.99 SD) 21 (18.9) 13 (22.4) 8 (15.1)
 Obese (≥2.00 SD) 37 (33.3) 16 (27.6) 21 (39.6)
  1. aNumbers in this table represent means ± standard deviations (SD) and n (%) for continuous and categorical variables, respectively
  2. bBMI cut-off points for children adapted from Wang & Chen [33]