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Table 2 Standardized estimates from structural equation models examining the pathways from perceived stress to weight status through eating behaviors and diet quality

From: Perceived stress, unhealthy eating behaviors, and severe obesity in low-income women

Dependent variables Explanatory variables β S.E. p-value
Weight status (Normal/underweight is referent)    
Overweight Perceived stress −0.06 0.10 0.54
  Diet quality score −0.08 0.10 0.08
  Income    
  Less than $10,000 −0.19 0.11 0.08
  $10,000 to $39,999 (referent) 0.00
  $40,000 or more 0.03 0.10 0.77
  Race/Ethnicity    
  Non-Hispanic white (referent) 0.00
  Non-Hispanic black 0.06 0.10 0.52
  Non-Hispanic other 0.09 0.10 0.34
  Hispanic 0.01 0.10 0.95
  Age (years)    
  18–24 0.14 0.10 0.18
  25–29 (referent) 0.00
  30–34 −0.14 0.10 0.16
  35–44 −0.14 0.10 0.17
  Two versus one 24-h dietary recall −0.10 0.09 0.27
Moderate obesity Perceived stress −0.15 0.10 0.14
  Diet quality score −0.15 0.10 0.15
  Income    
  Less than $10,000 0.16 0.11 0.14
  $10,000 to $39,999 (referent) 0.00
  $40,000 or more 0.07 0.10 0.51
  Race/Ethnicity    
  Non-Hispanic white (referent) 0.00
  Non-Hispanic black 0.10 0.10 0.30
  Non-Hispanic other 0.12 0.10 0.23
  Hispanic −0.02 0.10 0.85
  Age (years)    
  18–24 −0.22 0.10 0.03
  25–29 (referent) 0.00
  30–34 0.13 0.10 0.21
  35–44 −0.03 0.10 0.79
  Two versus One 24-h Dietary Recall 0.11 0.09 0.25
Severe obesity Perceived stress 0.26 0.10 0.007
  Diet quality score 0.25 0.09 0.007
  Income    
  Less than $10,000 0.09 0.11 0.39
  $10,000 to $39,999 (referent) 0.00
  $40,000 or more −0.09 0.10 0.36
  Race/Ethnicity    
  Non-Hispanic white (referent) 0.00
  Non-Hispanic black −0.03 0.10 0.76
  Non-Hispanic other −0.13 0.90 0.17
  Hispanic −0.07 0.09 0.47
  Age (years)    
  18–24 0.02 0.10 0.86
  25–29 (referent) 0.00
  30–34 −0.02 0.10 0.81
  35–44 0.20 0.10 0.04
  Two versus one 24-h dietary recall 0.00 0.09 0.97
Perceived stress Income    
  Less than $10,000 0.28 0.10 0.005
  $10,000 to $39,999 (referent) 0.00
  $40,000 or more 0.06 0.10 0.56
  Race/Ethnicity    
  Non-Hispanic white (referent) 0.00
  Non-Hispanic black −0.05 0.10 0.65
  Non-Hispanic other −0.04 0.10 0.71
  Hispanic −0.01 0.10 0.94
  Age (years)    
  18–24 −0.10 0.10 0.32
  25–29 (referent) 0.00
  30–34 0.15 0.10 0.16
  35–44 0.18 0.10 0.08
  Dietary recall day was a typical day −0.05 0.10 0.61
  Two versus one 24-h dietary recall 0.04 0.39 0.07
Cognitive restraint Perceived stress −0.12 0.10 0.25
Uncontrolled eating Perceived stress 0.38 0.09 <.001
Emotional eating Perceived stress 0.50 0.08 <.001
Diet quality score Perceived stress −0.18 0.10 0.08
  Cognitive restraint 0.43 0.08 <.001
  Uncontrolled eating −0.05 0.10 0.58
  Emotional eating 0.01 0.10 0.89
  Dietary recall day was a typical day 0.06 0.09 0.53
  Two versus one 24-h dietary recall 0.03 0.09 0.74
  1. Bold text indicates statistical significance at the 5 % level