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Table 4 Summarized intake of vitamins and minerals from diet and supplements in the vegan study sample with the 2012 Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR)

From: Intake of macro- and micronutrients in Danish vegans

  Men Women
n Total intake NNR n Total intake NNR
Vitamin A (RE/day) 17 985 900 17 670 700
(52) (512–1547) (46) (381–1276)
Vitamin D (μg/day) 14 7.1 10 15 5.0 10
(49) (0–25) (43) (0–20)
Vitamin E (αTE/day) 32 27.6 10 36 17.3 8
(97) (17.2–42.2) (97) (13.8–27.7)
Thiamine (mg/day) 33 2.9 1.3 35 1.8 1.1
(97) (2.1–21.4) (95) (1.4–3.4)
Riboflavin (mg/day) 21 2.08 1.5 20 1.25 1.2
(63) (1.3–18.4) (49) (0.91–3.26)
Niacin (NE/day) 29 21.8 18 31 17.8 14
(77) (20.1–30.1) (78) (15.0–23.5)
Vitamin B6 (mg/day) 31 3.5 1.5 34 2.1 1.2
(94) (2.6–4.7) (92) (1.5–3.1)
Folic Acid (μg/day) 33 758 300 36 601 300
(100) (614–926) (92) (478–754)
Vitamin B12 (μg/day) 19 10.0 2 20 25.0 2
(60) (0.0–86) (54) (0.0–125)
Vitamin C (mg/day) 32 258 75 36 250 75
(97) (182–456) (97) (191–307)
Calcium (mg/day) 25 962 800 19 808 800
(71) (794–1163) (51) (610–1007)
Magnesium (mg/day) 33 654 350 36 494 280
(100) (578–861) (97) (429–564)
Potassium (mg/day) 26 4274 3500 24 3602 3100
(74) (3648–5623) (65) (2852–4181)
Iron (mg/day) 33 23 9 22 16 15
(100) (18–30) (59) (13–20)
Zinc (mg/day) 29 16.8 9 30 9.7 7
(86) (10–22) (81) (7–14)
Iodine (μg/day) 9 107 150 6 78.9 150
(31) (60–186) (16) (57–111)
Selenium (μg/day) 14 48.0 60 10 28.3 50
(49) (30–89) (30) (23–53)
  1. Data is median (inter quartile range) daily intake and number (%) of vegans reaching the recommended daily allowance according to the 2012 Nordic Nutrition Recommendation when including micronutrient intake from diet and supplements combined