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Table 2 Distribution of clinical outcomes, nutrition factors and other characteristics of patients

From: Influence of supplemental parenteral nutrition approach on nosocomial infection in pediatric intensive care unit of Emergency Department: a retrospective study

Characteristics EN alone group (n = 101) SPN group (n = 103) Statistic value P value SPN subgroup1 (n = 60) SPN subgroup2 (n = 43) Statistic value P value
Nosocomial infection, n (%) 11 (10.9) 35 (34.0) 15.57a <0.001 15 (25.0) 20 (46.5) 5.17a 0.02
Total caloric intake (%), median (IQR) 64.1 (46.9–83.6) 64.8 (51.7–85.7) −0.29*b 0.77 65.42 (50.8–82.9) 64.80 (52.4–86.1) 0.57b 0.57
Caloric intake (kcal/day), median (IQR) 284.1 (178.9–401.0) 299.5 (179.6–480.1) 5163.00c 0.93 313.6 (179.0–420.7) 268.9 (179.6–542.4) 0.19b 0.74
Gender, n (%)    0.04a 0.85    6.26a 0.01
 Male 67 (66.3) 67 (65.0) 45 (75.0) 22 (51.0)
 Female 34 (33.7) 36 (35.0) 15 (25.0) 21 (49.0)
Age (month), median (IQR) 9.0 (3.0–26.0) 9.0 (3.0–37.0) 3.44*b 0.07 11.0 (3.0–49.0) 7.0 (4.0–30.0) 0.17b* 0.86
Age groups, n (%)    2.34a 0.50    5.54d 0.07
 Infants 58 (57.4) 55 (53.4) 31 (51.7) 24 (55.8)
 Toddlers 23 (22.8) 21 (20.4) 11 (18.3) 10 (23.3)
 Preschoolers 9 (8.9) 8 (7.8) 7 (11.7) 1 (2.3)
 Childhood and young teens 11 (10.9) 19 (18.4) 11 (18.3) 8 (18.6)
Weight (kg), median (IQR) 8.2 (5.5–12.3) 8 (4.5–15.0) 5.00*b 0.03 8.8 (4.6–16.0) 8.0 (4.5–15.0) 0.12b* 0.91
Serum albumin at admission (g/L), mean ± SD 38.50 ± 6.30 35.94 ± 6.11 2.94b 0.004 35.95 ± 6.33 35.94 ± 5.86 0.01b 0.99
Severity of disease, n (%)    21.69a <0.001    3.77a 0.05
 Class 1 59 (58.4) 27 (26.2) 20 (33.3) 7 (16.3)
 Class 2 42 (41.6) 76 (73.8) 40 (66.7) 36 (83.7)
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 11 (10.9) 29 (28.2) 9.64a 0.002 15 (25.0) 14 (32.6) 0.71a 0.40
Invasive diagnosis operation, n (%) 18 (17.8) 35 (34.0) 6.92a 0.009 20 (33.3) 15 (34.9) 0.03a 0.87
PICU length of stay (day), median (IQR) 4.0 (3.0–7.0) 8.0 (5.0–14.0) 2922.00c <0.001 7.5 (4.0–14.0) 9.0 (6.0–14.0) −0.53b 0.59
  1. Note: Variables with * were conducted for logarithmic transformation. Statistic values with a, b, c, d were Pearson’s chi-square value, Students’ t value and Mann–Whitney U value and Fisher exact test value respectively