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Table 2 Dietary changes observed with grape supplementation

From: Effects of a grape-supplemented diet on proliferation and Wnt signaling in the colonic mucosa are greatest for those over age 50 and with high arginine consumption

Parameter Pre-grape baseline At conclusion of grape intervention Direction of change Significance (p)*
Weight (lbs) 172 · 1 ± 6 · 55 170 · 7 ± 7 · 65 0 · 0018
KCALS 1960 ± 131 · 2 1984 ± 125 · 1 NS
Carbohydrate (gm) 233 · 4 ± 15 · 8 271 · 3 ± 18 · 2 0 · 0048
Calories from carbohydrate (%) 46 · 99 ± 1 · 58 51 · 87 ± 1 · 53 0 · 0089
Total sugars (gm) 92 · 49 ± 7 · 86 131 · 9 ± 9 · 44 0 · 0001
Calories from fat (%) 35 · 32 ± 1 · 44 30 · 77 ± 1 · 20 0 · 011
Copper (mg) 1 · 32 ± 0 · 13 1 · 53 ± 0 · 11 0 · 0035
Potassium (mg) 2566 ± 189 3004 ± 203 0 · 0014
Vitamin B6 (mg) 1 · 957 ± 0 · 16 2 · 254 ± 0 · 21 0 · 0193
Biochanin A (mg) 0 · 133 ± 0 · 07 0 · 013 ± 0 · 01 0 · 0067
Folate (mcg) 486 · 2 ± 41 · 8 433 · 0 ± 41 · 1 NS
Cholesterol (mg) 289 · 3 ± 34 · 93 262 · 0 ± 28 · 06 NS
Genistein (mg) 2 · 53 ± 1 · 11 0 · 61 ± 0 · 20 NS
Lycopene (mcg) 4798 ± 726 4064 ± 702 NS
Arginine (gm) 4 · 503 ± 0 · 41 4 · 276 ± 0 · 34 NS
  1. Dietary components listed as amount ingested per day
  2. *Wilcoxon matched pairs signed rank test