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Table 2 Food grouping used in the dietary pattern analyses

From: Association between dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome in individuals with normal weight: a cross-sectional study

Food groups Food items
Refined grains White bread, pasta
Whole grains Dark bread, corn flakes, groats
Vegetables Red beetroots, raw white cabbage, broccoli, carrots, garlic, onions, tomatoes, green leafy vegetables
Fruit Apples, bananas, oranges, seasonal fruits (berries)
Nuts Nuts
Whole milk Whole milk
Low-fat milk Low-fat milk
Cottage cheese Cottage cheese
Yogurt Yogurt
Hard cheese Hard cheese
Fish Fish
Chicken Chicken
Eggs Eggs
Red meat Pork, beef, liver
Cold cured meat Bacon, ham, sausages, frankfurters
Lard Lard
Butter Butter
Vegetable oils Rapeseed, soya, sunflower oil, olive oil, and other oils
Margarine Margarine
Mayonnaise Mayonnaise
French-fries French-fries
Boiled potatoes Boiled potatoes
Bigos Bigos (sauerkraut, sausage and meat stew)
Fried foods Fried foods
Sugar and sweets Sugar, chocolate and chocolate-products, candies, cakes, cookies
Fruit juice Fruit juice
Diet carbonated soft drinks Diet carbonated soft drinks
Coca cola Coca cola or other beverages of this type
Alcoholic beverages Beer, fruit wine, grape wine, vodka
Coffee Coffee
Tea Tea