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Table 3 Comparative table of the effect of Diet A, Diet B, and Diet C on acetone buildup concentration under fasting conditions

From: Acetone as biomarker for ketosis buildup capability - a study in healthy individuals under combined high fat and starvation diets

Index Final Acetone Buildup Concentration (ppmV) Difference of Acetone Buildup Concentration (ppmV)
Diet A Diet B Diet C Diet B-Diet A Diet C-Diet A Diet B-Diet C (%)
Subject 1 2.40 4.84 2.62 2.44 (102%) 0.22 (9%) 2.22 (+85%)
Subject 2 1.32 5.63 3.46 4.30 (327%) 2.14 (162%) 2.17 (+62%)
Subject 3 1.37 6.33 2.33 4.97 (362%) 0.97 (70%) 4.00 (172%)
Subject 4 0.94 7.13 2.60 6.19 (659%) 1.66 (177%) 4.53 (174%)
Subject 5 1.85 10.24 4.63 8.39 (454%) 2.78 (150%) 5.61 (121%)
Subject 6 2.22 22.49 5.15 20.27 (913%) 2.93 (132%) 17.35 (337%)
Subject 7 2.43 39.18 21.24 36.75 (1512%) 18.81 (774%) 17.94 (84%)
Subject 8 3.73 61.76 20.83 58.03 (1556%) 17.10 (458%) 40.93 (196%)
Subject 9 5.27 9.81 35.93 4.54 (86%) 30.66 (582%) −26.12 (−72%)
Subject 10 2.28 44.04 30.75 41.76 (1832%) 28.47 (1249%) 13.29 (43%)
Subject 11 0.94 6.71 8.89 5.77 (614%) 7.95 (846%) −2.18 (−24%)
Mean 2.25 19.83 12.58 100% data show final acetone buildup concentration from Diet B > acetone buildup concentration from Diet A 100% data show final acetone buildup concentration from Diet C > acetone buildup concentration from Diet A 82% data show final acetone buildup concentration from Diet B > acetone buildup concentration from Diet C
Standard Deviation 1.29 19.65 12.40
ANOVA p value <0.0058
Fisher Test p value of Diet A and Diet B 0.00159**
Fisher Test p value of Diet A and Diet C 0.04435**
Fisher Test p value of Diet B and Diet C 0.14797*
  1. Diet B-Diet A: Difference of Acetone Buildup Concentration between Diet B and Diet A.
  2. Diet C-Diet A: Difference of Acetone Buildup Concentration between Diet C and Diet A.
  3. Diet B-Diet C: Difference of Acetone Buildup Concentration between Diet B and Diet C.
  4. “%” indicates the percentage difference between acetone buildup concentration of:
  5. 1) Diet B with respect to Diet A, taking Diet A as reference: [(Diet B – Diet A) / Diet A] x 100;
  6. 2) Diet C with respect to Diet A, taking Diet A as reference: [(Diet C – Diet A) / Diet A] x 100;
  7. 3) Diet B with respect to Diet C, taking Diet C as reference: [(Diet C – Diet B) / Diet C] x 100.
  8. “**” indicates: Significant difference for p = 0.05, “*” indicates: No significant difference for p = 0.05.