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Table 3 Dietary intakes of foods and nutrients in corn oil and flaxseed oil periods

From: Flaxseed oil intake reduces serum small dense low-density lipoprotein concentrations in Japanese men: a randomized, double blind, crossover study

   Corn oil period Flaxseed oil period
   0 week 4 week 12 week 0 week 4 week 12 week
Energy (kcal) 2054.3 ± 56.5 2266.3 ± 73.3 2289.8 ± 76.2* 2146.3 ± 105.8 2349.2 ± 118.6 2261.4 ± 78.0
Protein (g) 69.2 ± 3.2 74.0 ± 3.4 76.3 ± 2.0 74.3 ± 5.2 75.6 ± 4.5 73.6 ± 3.6
Carbohydrate (g) 291.2 ± 11.2 304.3 ± 12.9 302.5 ± 15.3 311.1 ± 16.7 315.5 ± 17.8 315.2 ± 15.9
Fat (g) 51.9 ± 2.6 67.8 ± 3.7* 71.4 ± 3.2* 54.5 ± 4.8 70.8 ± 4.2* 64.1 ± 4.1
alpha-linolenic acid (mg) 925.0 ± 105.0 1929.0 ± 559.0 1606.0 ± 136.0 1082.0 ± 161.0 6496.0 ± 216.0*† 6032.0 ± 140.0*†
Eicosapentaenoic acid (mg) 250.0 ± 71.0 158.0 ± 48.0 153.0 ± 59.0 269.0 ± 83.0 153.0 ± 55.0 225.0 ± 75.0
Docosahexaenoic acid (mg) 484.0 ± 125.0 338.0 ± 76.0 288.0 ± 85.0 498.0 ± 140.0 329.0 ± 97.0 383.0 ± 109.0
Linoleic acid (mg) 6410.0 ± 592.0 13633.0 ± 927.0* 15675.0 ± 688.0* 7902.0 ± 850.0 10623.0 ± 1182.0 8106.0 ± 775.0
n-6/n-3 ratio   4.7 ± 0.7 7.7 ± 0.7* 8.3 ± 0.8* 5.7 ± 0.9 1.5 ± 0.1*† 1.2 ± 0.1*†
Cholesterol (mg) 289.1 ± 31.0 298.7 ± 37.9 344.8 ± 23.8 296.4 ± 40.3 319.7 ± 40.3 306.9 ± 44.2
Dietary fiber (g) 8.3 ± 0.9 9.9 ± 0.6 10.7 ± 0.6* 8.5 ± 0.8 9.8 ± 0.7 10.5 ± 1.1
alpha-tocopherol (mg) 4.4 ± 0.4 6.7 ± 0.5* 8.1 ± 0.5* 4.9 ± 0.7 5.9 ± 0.6 5.4 ± 0.5
Alcohol (g) 16.5 ± 5.9 18.2 ± 5.4 17.0 ± 8.2 16.2 ± 6.6 20.1 ± 7.8 15.8 ± 5.4
  1. Values are means ± SE, n = 15.
  2. *; p <0.05 vs. baseline, repeated-measures ANOVA with Bonferroni correction, †; p <0.05 vs. corn oil, paired t test.