Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariable-adjusted relationship between dietary selenium intake and diabetes in total population, sex subgroup and BMI subgroup

From: The association between dietary selenium intake and diabetes: a cross-sectional study among middle-aged and older adults

  Quartiles of Se intake P for trend
Q1 (lowest) Q2 Q3 Q4 (highest)
Median Se intake (μg/day) 22.95 35.08 45.48 62.69 -
Total population
 *Multivariable adjusted OR 1.00 (reference) 1.10 (0.82, 1.48) 1.32 (0.94, 1.86) 1.52 (1.01, 2.28) 0.03
Sex subgroup
 Male 1.00 (reference) 1.12 (0.74, 1.69) 1.31 (0.84, 2.05) 1.51 (0.90, 2.52) 0.09
 Female 1.00 (reference) 1.13 (0.73, 1.75) 1.38 (0.79, 2.41) 1.39 (0.68, 2.86) 0.35
BMI subgroup
 BMI ≥ 25 1.00 (reference) 1.21 (0.77, 1.89) 1.52 (0.91, 2.54) 1.99 (1.09, 3.63) 0.02
 BMI < 25 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (0.67, 1.49) 1.16 (0.73, 1.84) 1.20 (0.69, 2.10) 0.47
  1. Se: selenium, OR: odds ratio.
  2. *Multivariable included age, sex, education level (with or above high school background or not), employment (manual worker or non-manual worker), BMI (≥25, <25), activity level, waist circumference, hypertension, drinking, smoking condition, energy intake, fiber intake and nutritional supplementation status.