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Table 2 Characteristics of the study population according to diabetic status

From: The association between dietary selenium intake and diabetes: a cross-sectional study among middle-aged and older adults

  Diabetic status P #
Diabetes population Non-diabetes population
n 525 4898 -
Age 54.70 ± 7.33 52.87 ± 7.53 0.00
Sex (% female) 35.0 48.1 0.00
Education level (% with or above high school background) 44.8 47.0 0.33
Employment (% manual worker) 18.1 20.5 0.20
BMI (kg/m2) 25.68 ± 3.06 24.33 ± 3.17 0.00
Activity level (h/week) 2.39 ± 3.65 2.25 ± 3.52 0.66
Waist circumference (cm) 86.85 ± 8.15 82.54 ± 8.91 0.00
Hypertension (%) 52.6 30.8 0.00
Drinking (%) 39.4 35.5 0.08
Smoking (%) 30.3 22.2 0.00
Nutritional supplementation (%) 31.6 35.6 0.07
Energy intake (Kcal/day) 1752.53 ± 915.48 1625.60 ± 764.22 0.00
Fiber intake (g/day) 19.79 ± 17.77 18.08 ± 13.59 0.02
Se intake (μg/day) 46.76 ± 25.29 43.16 ± 22.35 0.00
  1. Se: selenium, BMI: body mass index.
  2. Data are mean ± standard deviation, unless otherwise indicated.
  3. #P values are for test of difference between different diabetic statuses.