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Table 1 Participant Characteristics by Group Assignment (Mean or %, SD)

From: Weight loss in individuals with metabolic syndrome given DASH diet counseling when provided a low sodium vegetable juice: a randomized controlled trial

  Group Assignment
Demographic and Clinical Characteristics No Vegetable Juice 8 fluid ounces Vegetable Juice
Per Day
16 fluid ounces Vegetable Juice
Per Day
All Participants
Female* (%) 74.1 85.2 59.3 72.8
Ethnicity (%)     
   -White 19.2 15.4 14.8 16.5
   -African-American 50.0 57.7 63.0 57.0
   -Mexican-American 30.8 23.1 14.8 22.8
   -Other 0.0 3.8 7.4 3.7
Education: High School or Less (%) 56.0 62.5 58.3 58.9
Current Smoker (%) 14.8 14.8 11.5 13.3
Age (Years) 50.1 (5.1) 51.2 (7.4) 48.0 (7.7) 49.8 (6.9)
Baseline Weight (kg) 104.2 (18.1) 100.2 (17.6) 112.4 (18.1) 105.6 (18.4
Baseline BMI 37.8 (4.6) 37.3 (5.3) 38.3 (4.9) 37.8 (4.9)
Baseline Waist Circumference (cm) 115.3 (13.3) 112.9 (10.5) 119.1 (15.2) 115.8 (13.3)
Baseline Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 132.8 (20.9) 134.5 (20.6) 124.4 (15.3) 130.6 (19.4)
Baseline Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 84.8 (11.8) 83.8 (11.5) 80.5 (9.9) 83.0 (11.1)
Baseline Medication Use (#) 1.7 (2.0) 1.8 (2.2) 1.0 (1.6) 1.5 (2.0)
Baseline Metabolic Syndrome Criteria (% with criteria)     
Waist Circumference (≥ 88 cm for women or ≥ 102 cm for men; %) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Blood Pressure (Systolic ≥ 130 mmHg or Diastolic ≥ 85 mmHg; %) 63.0 51.9 40.7 51.9
Triglycerides (≥ 150 mg/dl; %) 37.0 25.9 23.1 28.9
HDL (Men <40 mg/dl or Women <50 mg/dl; %) 96.0 80.8 87.5 88.0
Blood Glucose (≥ 100 mg/dl; %) 100.0 96.3 100.0 98.7
  1. 2 = 4.6, p = 0.10