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Table 4 Renal function, calcium, phosphate excretion and bone mineral density.

From: Protein-enriched meal replacements do not adversely affect liver, kidney or bone density: an outpatient randomized controlled trial

  HP SP
  Baseline Month 12 Baseline Month 12
Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.82 ± 0.20 1.13 ± 1.85 0.87 ± 0.20 0.82 ± 0.18
Serum urea nitrogen (mg/dL) 12.37 ± 3.06 14.13 ± 5.77 12.14 ± 3.77 11.97 ± 3.73
Creatinne Clearance (mL/min) 129.78 ± 60.06 138.69 ± 40.39 116.89 ± 44.43 116.89 ± 42.84
Urine urea nitrogen (g/24 hr) 10.91 ± 4.49 12.22 ± 4.64 10.89 ± 4.73 9.58 ± 3.95
Urine Calcium (mg/24 hr) 184.68 ± 119.10 153.46 ± 77.07 25.2 ± 103.60 23.33 ± 75.74
Urine Protein (mg/24 hr) 141.25 ± 71.23 158.55 ± 88.82 114.39 ± 38.25 180.00 ± 86.56*
Bone mineral density (g/cm2) 1.00 ± 0.00 1.04 ± 1.19 1.03 ± 0.17 1.01.00 ± 0.03
  1. All values are mean ± SD. There were no significant differences between groups. HP, high protein group; SP, standard protein group. *p < 0.05 compare with baseline