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Table 4 Analysis of defecation habit diary before, during and after LAB treatment

From: Efficacy of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) supplement in management of constipation among nursing home residents

Variables Total Befored Duringe Afterf pvalueb
Frequency of defecation
Frequency 3.71 ± 2.23a 3.33 ± 2.50 4.07 ± 2.37 3.73 ± 1.87 NSc
Amount of stool
Large 0.07 ± 0.25 0.07 ± 0.26 0.07 ± 0.26 0.07 ± 0.26 NS
Medium 2.76 ± 2.29 2.53 ± 2.72 2.53 ± 2.42 3.20 ± 1.70 NS
Small 0.89 ± 1.79 0.73 ± 1.79 1.47 ± 2.23 0.47 ± 1.13 NS
State of stool
Hard 0.78 ± 1.26 0.47 ± 1.06 1.33 ± 1.72 0.53 ± 0.64 NS
Normal 2.40 ± 2.29 2.40 ± 2.53 1.80 ± 2.24 3.00 ± 2.07 NS
Watery 0.53 ± 1.44 0.47 ± 0.83 0.93 ± 2.28 0.20 ± 0.56 NS
  1. aEach value provided is the mean ± standard deviation.
  2. bSignificance from each other at p < 0.05 as determined by Duncan's multiple-range test.
  3. cNS: not significant.
  4. dBefore the experiment started.
  5. eDuring the experiment period.
  6. fAt the end of experiment.