Skip to main content

Table 5 Morphometric and biochemical determinations in the heart of obese rats

From: Effects of olive oil and its minor phenolic constituents on obesity-induced cardiac metabolic changes

  Groups
Cardiac determinations Ob Ob-Olive Ob-Oleuropein Ob-Cafeic
Heart weight (g) 1.05 ± 0.08 1.01 ± 0.08 1.04 ± 0.08 1.04 ± 0.09
Heart weight/body weight (g/kg) 2.67 ± 0.23 2.62 ± 0.24 2.61 ± 0.08 2.62 ± 0.09
Total protein (g/g tissue) 0.16 ± 0.02 0.17 ± 0.01 0.17 ± 0.01 0.18 ± 0.03
LH (nmol/g tissue) 127.89 ± 7.57 135.00 ± 2.28 127.95 ± 9.32 126.83 ± 8.69
TAS (%) 30.89 ± 3.55 30.12 ± 1.44 30.24 ± 3.54 31.02 ± 3.54
LH/TAS 4.19 ± 0.63 4.49 ± 0.26 4.30 ± 0.75 4.15 ± 0.68
SOD (μmol/g protein) 9.56 ± 0.92 8.95 ± 1.14 9.78 ± 0.31 9.06 ± 1.36
Catalase (nmol/g protein) 973.1 ± 126.1 1084.3 ± 99.5 1039.0 ± 75.1 1064.3 ± 235.3
GSH-Px (nmol/mg protein 5.90 ± 2.44 5.37 ± 1.50 6.55 ± 1.26 5.80 ± 0.54
LDH (nmol/mg protein) 780.0 ± 83.4 878.9 ± 137.8 758.6 ± 96.8 792.2 ± 71.8
  1. Values are given as mean ± SD.
  2. Ob, Obese rats receiving saline; Ob-Olive, obese rats receiving olive oil; Ob-Oleuropein, obese rats receiving oleuropein; Ob-cafeic, obese rats receiving cafeic acid; LH, lipid hydroperoxide; TAS, total antioxidant substances; SOD, superoxide dismutase; GSH-Px, glutathione peroxidase; LDH, lactate dehydrogenase.
  3. a p < 0.05 vs. Ob group.
  4. b p < 0.05 vs. Ob-Olive group.
  5. c p < 0.05 vs. Ob-Oleuropein group.