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Table 4 Morphometric and biochemical determinations in the heart of standard fed rats

From: Effects of olive oil and its minor phenolic constituents on obesity-induced cardiac metabolic changes

  Groups
Cardiac determinations C C-Olive C-Oleuropein C-Cafeic
Heart weight (g) 0.95 ± 0.14 1.03 ± 0.10 1.00 ± 0.11 1.05 ± 0.05
Heart weight/body weight (g/kg) 2.85 ± 0.17 2.88 ± 0.08 2.90 ± 0.05 2.84 ± 0.21
Total protein (g/g tissue) 0.18 ± 0.03 0.17 ± 0.01 0.17 ± 0.02 0.19 ± 0.01
LH (nmol/g tissue) 150.07 ± 9.96 135.03 ± 3.18a 129.93 ± 6.66a 144.20 ± 14.75
TAS (%) 26.78 ± 2.39 31.40 ± 2.04a 33.51 ± 3.39a 27.96 ± 6.48
LH/TAS 5.81 ± 1.56 4.40 ± 1.04 3.92 ± 0.55a 5.60 ± 2.38
SOD (μmol/g protein) 9.90 ± 0.73 8.77 ± 0.82 9.32 ± 0.97 7.6 ± 0.63ac
Catalase (nmol/g protein) 985.0 ± 80.7 967.4 ± 49.7 956.5 ± 101.6 887.0 ± 90.3
GSH-Px (nmol/mg protein 6.65 ± 4.95 6.31 ± 3.14 6.93 ± 1.31 5.58 ± 1.93
LDH (nmol/mg protein) 751.5 ± 116.8 781.6 ± 75.7 712.8 ± 235.3 636.6 ± 108.5
  1. Values are given as mean ± SD.
  2. C, control rats receiving saline; C-Olive, standard-fed rats receiving olive oil; C-Oleuropein, standard-fed rats receiving oleuropein; C-Cafeic, standard-fed rats receiving cafeic acid; LH, lipid hydroperoxide; TAS, total antioxidant substances; SOD, superoxide dismutase; GSH-Px, glutathione peroxidase; LDH, lactate dehydrogenase.
  3. a p < 0.05 vs. C group.
  4. b p < 0.05 vs. C-Olive group.
  5. c p < 0.05 vs. C-Oleuropein group.