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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of the Study Population who Completed 3 Day Diet Records at 6 and 12 weeks

From: The use of a commercial vegetable juice as a practical means to increase vegetable intake: a randomized controlled trial

  No beverage (n = 27) 8 fluid ounce group (n = 26) 16 fluid ounce group (n = 27)
Age (years) 51.7 ± 5.1 52.6 ± 7.5 51.0 ± 5.8
Gender, F/M 15/12 21/5 22/5
Weight (kg) 73.8 ± 12.0 70.8 ± 15.7 75.1 ± 13.2
Height (cm) 170.4 ± 7.8 166.9 ± 9.1 168.5 ± 8.1
BMI (kg/m2) 25.7 ± 3.2 25.0 ± 4.0 26.5 ± 3.2
Waist Circumference (cm) 88.8 ± 10.6 85.6 ± 9.3 89.8 ± 9.8
Systolic BP (mm Hg) 113.8 ± 8.7 118.7 ± 11.9* 111.5 ± 9.5
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 73.8 ± 7.2 75.7 ± 8.4 72.9 ± 7.2
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 208.3 ± 43.8 213.5 ± 43.4 200.7 ± 37.5
HDL (mg/dL) 51.8 ± 16.4 55.2 ± 15.5 49.3 ± 15.5
LDL (mg/dL) 138.3 ± 41.2 134.9 ± 51.0 126.0 ± 29.3
Chol: HDL 4.5 ± 2.0 4.3 ± 1.7 4.5 ± 1.5
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 101.5 ± 52.9 117.2 ± 85.6 126.8 ± 73.3
hsCRP (mg/L) 1.6 ± 1.9 1.6 ± 1.6 2.0 ± 1.7
Insulin (uU/mL) 6.5 ± 3.7 5.6 ± 2.4 9.0 ± 6.2**
Fasting Blood Glucose (mg/dL) 92.9 ± 7.4 92.7 ± 8.8 93.4 ± 5.3
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation.
  2. * Significantly different from 16 ounce group p = 0.02; **significantly different from 8 ounce group (p = 0.01), and no beverage (p = 0.04)
  3. BMI = Body Mass Index; BP = Blood Pressure; Chol = Cholesterol; HDL = High Density Lipoprotein; hsCRP = high sensitivity C-reactive protein; LDL = Low Density Lipoprotein